23 terms

Amines

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Ammonia
Primary amine
Secondary amine
Tertiary amine
Ethyl Amine
Dimethyl amine
RX + NH₃ →
What does treatment of the ammonium salt with -OH yield?
Product: Quaternary ammonium salt
Product: tertiary amine and water
In the aqueous phase what stabilizes the ammonium ion and mad makes it more basic?
Hydrogen bonding.
Gas phase
Aqueous phase
Reactants: Amine and water
RNH₂
Formula of primary amine
R₂NH
Formula of secondary amine
R₃N
Formula of tertiary amine
Product: quaternary ammonium salt
Product: primary amine
Product: secondary amine
Product: tertiary amine
Larger Kb
More basic amine
Smaller pKb
More basic amine