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Theology Test Review
Terms in this set (25)
Definition of Religion
The belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods
Main groups of Christianity
The Church of the East, Oriental Orthodoxy, Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism.
What the chapter says about the Old Testament
People of the old testament, that came to fruition in the coming of a savor, Jesus Christ, that humans can know God more accurately and intimately.
What the Catechism of the Catholic Church says about God, mankind, and creation
"Man is the summit of the Creator's work, as the inspired account expresses by clearly distinguishing the creation of man from that of the other creatures". Human beings are described as part of that creation, as specially created in God's image and likeness, and as endowed with the unique powers of reason and will.
Who said, "Our heart is restless until it rests in you."
Theists, atheists, and agnostics
Theists- A person who believes in a person and provident God. However, a theist may believe in one god or many gods.
Atheists- A person who denies in a theory and/or practice that God exists. Atheism is a sin against the virtue of religion, a requirement of the First Commandment
Agnostics- A person who practices a form of atheism that often expresses an indifference to the search for God. Makes no judgement of God's existence but also says it's impossible to prove.
Natural Revelation or General Revelation
Refers to knowledge about God and spiritual matters, discovered through natural means, such as observation of nature (the physical universe), philosophy, and reasoning.
Know whether or not something can come from nothing
"nothing" is inherently unstable, so the initial leap from nothing to something may have been inevitable.
St. Thomas Aquinas and his arguments for the existence of God
St. Thomas Aquinas (c1225-1274) is arguably the most important Catholic theologian in history. THE FIST WAY- God, the Prime Mover. THE SECOND WAY- God, the First Cause. THE THIRD WAY- God, the Necessary Being. THE FOURTH WAY- God, the Absolute Being. THE FIFTH WAY- God, the Grand Designer
Where Divine Revelation comes from
Revelation can originate directly from a deity or through an agent such as an angel. One who has experienced such contact with, or communication from, the divine is often called a prophet.
The unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three persons in one Godhead. The doctrine of the Trinity is considered to be one of the central Christian affirmations about God.
Catholics monotheistic or polytheistic?
Roman Catholics call their faith monotheistic -- based on a belief in one God other religious groups, particularly Jews, call it polytheistic based on a belief in many Gods.
Idolatry, in Judaism and Christianity, the worship of someone or something other than God as though it were God.
The word "Christ"
Christ comes from the Greek word χριστός (chrīstós), meaning "anointed one"
Meaning of "Logos"
The Logos is God, begotten and therefore distinguishable from the Father, but, being God, of the same substance (essence).
Know about the Holy Spirit
The Holy Spirit is God Himself. The Holy Spirit is referred to as the Lord and Giver of Life in the Nicene creed. He is The Creator Spirit, present before the creation of the universe and through his power everything was made in Jesus Christ, by God the Father. Christian hymns such as Veni Creator Spiritus reflect this belief.
Deposit of Faith
The Deposit of Faith is the body of revealed truth in the Scriptures and Tradition proposed by the Roman Catholic Church for the belief of the faithful.
Sacred scripture - any writing that is regarded as sacred by a religious group. scripture. religious text, religious writing, sacred text, sacred writing - writing that is venerated for the worship of a deity.
How many books are in the Catholic bible?
What does the word "tradition" mean?
The transmission of customs or beliefs from generation to generation, or the fact of being passed on in this way.
Who are the successors of the Apostles?
The bishops were also successors of the apostles in that "the functions they performed of preaching, governing and ordaining were the same as the Apostles had performed".
The magisterium of the Catholic Church is the church's authority or office to give authentic interpretation of the Word of God, "whether in its written form or in the form of Tradition."
Complete trust or confidence in someone or something.
Sensus fidei (sense of the faith), also called sensus fidelium (sense of the faithful) is, according to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, "the supernatural appreciation of faith on the part of the whole people, when, from the bishops to the last of the faithful, they manifest a universal consent in matters of faith and morals."
John Henry Newman
A leader of the Oxford Movement, converted to Catholicism, became a cardinal and influential writer
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