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Unit 2 - Textbook Questions P1
Terms in this set (23)
Fastest pop growth in (2)/why
Africa, Latin America/developing and high population
Two reasons why onset of early transition occurred later/faster in developing:
water purification, germ theory, slow acceptance led to decline in death rate
Two reasons why onset of late transition occurred later/faster in developing:
urbanization, change in family values
Factors responsible for death control: (4)
germ theory, sanitation, medical technology, clean drinking water
Factors responsible for birth control: (4)
status of women, urbanization, drop in infant mortality, attitudes towards childbirth
Total fertility rate (TFR):
average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years
Zero population growth:
when birth rate equals death rate
• Replacement-Level Fertility def/value
level of fertility at which a couple has only enough children to replace themselves/2.1
• Population Momentum:
tendency for population growth to continue beyond the time that replacement level fertility has been achieved.
• Population explosion:
20th century worldwide trend of rapid population growth, resulting from a world birth rate much higher than the world death rate.
• Birth Dearth:
low total fertility that causes a population to decline.
natural increase does not change
international migration that a country would need to offset population decline and population ageing resulting from low fertility and mortality rates.
Why is the death rate in Sweden higher than that of Mexico
Sweden has more elderly, lower birth rate so smaller overall population and more deaths
Demographic trap: def
countries continue to experience high birth rate instead of the declining birth rate of the late transition stage.
Demographic trap: why (3) - low/lack of
low status of women, lack of contraceptives
Factors that contribute to the completion of demographic transition are (3)
food, education, employment
Why is educated population crucial: to population growth/to economy
education about contraceptives stops growth/education generally allows for skilled workers
What is a feedback loop
Lack of resources/education in one sector hinders growth in another
Few options for those pursuing jobs in which industries due to birth dearth:
child librarian, teacher, guidance counselor, coach, pediatrics doctor
Four categories of Migration:
voluntary/involuntary, permanent/temporary, illegal/legal, international/internal
loss of skilled/educated workers from New-Core countries during emigration.
educated workers gained by Old-Core countries during immigration.