Unit 2 - Textbook Questions P2
Terms in this set (21)
amount of money sent by migrant to family members living in homeland.
Why are remittances important: benefits/helps/boosts
benefits economies of homeland/alleviates poverty/boosts local currency
Example of country + remittances (3)
Philippines and $12 billion remittance, Jordon, Jamaica
forced to flee homes for another country.
Internally displaced person:
forced to leave homes but stay within own country.
Three durable solutions offered by UNHCR:
voluntary reparation, local integration, third-country resettlement
1. Voluntary repatriation:
if conditions improve in home country refugees return.
2. Local integration:
integrate refugees into country of first asylum + support groups
3. Third-country resettlement:
find third country willing to accept refugees.
Effects of rural to urban migration in developing countries: who moves/why good/which gender moves/why good/why bad
rich and educated rural citizens/can pay back and take advantage of opp/women/more financial independence and jobs/poorly paid, sexual discrimination
Why are largest/fastest-growing cities located outside of Old Core - population reason/demand reason
population growth in New Core versus birth dearth in Old Core/demand for more living space and jobs
Urban changes taking place in Old Core countries:
growth in middle class, car ownership, movement to suburbs
buying old apartments for cheap, renovating old factories into condos
when young couples have fewer children and thus live in condos instead of houses
Urban changes - New Core: Population grows faster than/rural migrants go to/2 problems
infrastructure/urban cities for jobs/overurbanization, squatter settlements
• Over urbanization: un/lack of (3)
unemployment, lack of housing, sanitation infrastructure
• Squatter settlements
area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent
Issues in Old Core countries: economic/social/environmental
fiscal squeeze and lack of tax money/poverty and lack of employment/poor transit so more vehicles
Living conditions in squatter settlements: poor (2)
poor shelters + infrastructure
Slums of hope:
low-income communities can provide affordable shelter + community
Slums of despair: lack of (2)/no (2)
lack of healthcare, sanitation, no birth control or welfare.
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