Glossary of usage
STUFF I WOULD STUDY FOR THE EXAM
Terms in this set (64)
use a before words that begin with the consonant sound. Use an before words that begin with a vowel sound.
accept is a verb that means "to receive" or" to agree to." Except is usually a preposition meaning "but." Except may also be a verb that means" to leave out or exclude."
affect is a verb that means" to cause a change in" or" to influence the emotions of." Effect maybe a noun or verb. As a noun, it means "results." As a verb, it means "to bring about or accomplish."
all ready, already
all ready means "completely ready." Already is an adverb that means "before" or "by this time."
all right, alright
the spelling alright is not acceptable in formal writing. Use all right.
a lot, alot, allot
a lot should always be ready as two words. It means "a large number or amount." Avoid using a lot in formal writing; be specific. The verve allot means "to assign or set aside" or "to distribute."
in general use among to show a relationship in which more than two persons or things are considered as a group. In general, use between to show a relationship involving to persons or things, to compare one person or thing with an entire group, or to compare more than two items within a group.
amount and number both referred to quantity. Is amount for things that can't be counted. Use number for things that can be counted.
this expression, once common in legal language, should be avoided in general writing. Change and/or to "this or that or both."
Anyways, anywheres, everywheres, nowheres, somewheres
write and speak these words without the final s: anyway, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere, somewhere.
A while, awhile
use a while after preposition. Use awhile as an ad verb
bad is an adjective; use it before before nouns and after linking verbs to modify the subject. Badly is an adverb; use it to modify action verbs
because of, due to
use because of with action verbs. Use deal to with linking verbs.
Being as, being that
some people use these expressions instead of because in informal conversation. In formal speaking and writing use because
beside means "at the side of" or "next to." Besides means" in addition to."
bring means "to carry from a distant place to a closer one." Take means "to carry from a nearby place to a more distant one."
Can't hardly, can't scarcely
these phrases are considered double negatives. Don't use hardly or scarcely with not or the contraction n't
cite, sight, site
to cite is to quote or first to. Cite Can also mean" to summon to appear in a court of law." As a noun, sight means" vision." As a verb, sight means" to see." As a noun, a site is a place or location; as a verb, site means "to place or locate."
could of, might of, must of, should of, would of
after the words good, might, must, should, and wood, used the helping verb have or his contraction,' VE, not the word of.
Different from, different than
in most cases, different from is the correct choice. Use different than only if than introduces a subordinate clause.
use farther and referring to physical distance. Use further in all other situations
use fewer with nouns that can be counted. Use less with nouns that can be counted. Laughs may also be used with numbers that are considered as single amounts or single quantities.
figuratively means "not truly or actually but in a symbolic way." Literally means "truly" or "actually."
good is an adjective; using before nouns and after linking verbs to modify the subject. Well is an adverb; easy to modify action verbs. Well may also be is an adjective meaning "in good health."
don't use of between had and a past participle
had ought, hadn't ought, shouldn't ought
ought never needs an auxiliary verb. Use ought by itself.
use Haines when you mean "put to death." Use hung in all other instances.
and formal speech and writing, use why instead of how come.
implying means "to suggest." Infer means "to draw a conclusion from something."
in, into, in to
use in to mean "inside" or "within." Use into to show movement from the outside to a point within. Don't write into when you mean int.
don't use of after the preposition inside.
use regardless. Both the prefix -ir and the suffix -less have negative meanings; therefore, irregardless is a double negative, which is incorrect.
its is the possessive form of it. It is a contraction of it is or it has.
kind of, sort of
don't use these expressions of adverbs. Use somewhat or rather instead.
kind of a, sort of a, type of a
omit the word a.
lay means " to put" or " to place." Its principal parts are lay, laying, laid, and laid. Forms of lay are usually followed by direct object. Lay means "to rest or recline" or "to be positioned." its principal parts are lie, lying, lay, and lain. Forms of lie are never followed by a direct object.
like, as, as if, as though
like can be a verb or preposition. It should not be used as subordinating conjunction. Use as, as if, or as though to introduce a subordinate clause.
don't use the word like in place of forms say.
don't use off in place of from.
don't use of after the preposition off.
ought to of
don't use of in place of have after ought to.
diligent use of after the preposition outside.
precede means "to go before" or "to come before." Proceed "means to continue" or "to alarm."
as a noun, principal means " head of a school"; it can also mean " a sum of money borrowed or invested." As an adjective, principal means " main" or "chief." Principle is a noun meaning " basic truth or belief" or " rule of conduct."
raise means " to cause to move upward." It can also mean " to breeder grow" and " to bring up or rear." Its principal parts are raised, raising, raised, and raised.
real is an adjective; use it before nouns and after linking verbs to modify the subject. Really is an adverb; use it to modify action verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs.
Reason is because
don't use because after reason is. Use that after reason it, or use because alone.
Set means " to place" or "to put." Its principal parts are set, setting, set, an set. Forms of set are usually followed by direct object. Sit means "to place oneself in a seated position" or "to be in a seated position." Its principal parts are sets, sitting, sat, and sat. Forms of sit are not followed by direct object.
Set is in intransitive verb when it's used with Sun to mean " the sun is going down" or " the sun is sinking below the horizon." When set is used in this way, it is not followed by direct object.
shined, shone, shown
both shined and shone our past tense forms and past participle of shine. Use shined when you mean "polished"; use shone in all other instances.
Shown is the past participle of show; its principal parts are show, showing, showed, and shown.
That, which, who
"That" may refer to people or things. "Which" refers only two things. "Who" only refers to people.
their, there, they're
Their is a possessive form of the they; it's used to modify nouns. There means " in or at that place." They're is a contraction of they are.
theirs it's a possessive form of day used as a pronoun. There's is a contraction of there is.
people in Great Britain used to words, but the preferred form in the United States is toward.
use try to
type, type of
don't use type as an adjective
uninterested means " not interested," "unenthusiastic, and " indifferent." disinterested means "impartial," "unbiased, not favoring either side in a dispute."
used to, use to
the correct form is "used to."
use way, not ways, in referring to distance.
weather it's the condition of the atmosphere. Whether means "if"; it is also used introduce the first of two choices.
don't use when or where incorrectly in writing a definition.
don't use where in place of that
don't use at after where
who's is a contraction of who is or who has. Whose is the possessive form of who.
Your is the possessive form of you. You're is the contraction of you are
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
SAT | Mometrix Comprehensive Guide
Glossary of Usage
common usage problems
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Plants: Pollination Types
p. 128 + Cinco Sentidos Vocabulario
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Vocab Energizers Ch. 10
Rise of World Cultures Final Exam (Quotes)
Active and Passive Voice