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AM Hist. 1030
Terms in this set (75)
The 1970s witnessed __________.
the expansion of the black middle and upper classes
How did the economic recession that began in 2008 affect black communities?
It undermined progress that had been made in black home ownership rates.
In 2010, nearly __________ percent of all African Americans under age 18 lived in families with only one parent.
The history of Oakland, California, illustrates which of the following?
the way national economic restructuring has affected black communities
__________ are more likely to have HIV/AIDS than any other group in the United States.
What do August Wilson, Charles Fuller, and George C. Wolfe have in common?
They all explored issues of race in the plays they wrote.
The black cultural renaissance of the 1980s and 1990s was __________.
more appreciative of women artists than the earlier black arts movement
The rap musical style arose in 1973 in __________.
New York City
Black Studies programs first emerged in the __________.
Molefi Kete Asante is best known for __________.
promoting and articulating Afrocentricity
The major black denominations __________.
remain those with roots in the nineteenth century
Bishop T. D. Jakes is closely associated with __________.
the rise of suburban megachurches
Which of the following is true of African-American Muslims?
African-American Muslims have become more closely connected to the larger trends in Islam.
Like Elijah Muhammad, Louis Farrakhan __________.
downplayed the struggle for political rights
The __________ changed the purpose of gathering data by racial classification.
civil rights laws of the 1960s
Jesse Jackson's "Rebuilding America" program __________.
sought to coordinate government, business, and labor in a national industrial policy
Which of the following was true of Jesse Jackson's second presidential campaign in 1987?
He won 15 presidential primaries and caucuses.
Which of the following best characterizes trickle-down economics?
As the rich get richer, their increased prosperity percolates down through society.
What happened after Clarence Thomas was appointed chair of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission?
The backlog of affirmative action cases increased.
In contrast to black Republicans, black Democrats __________.
represented a large and essential constituency within the party
Which of the following was true of the Thomas-Hill controversy?
Anita Hill did not volunteer to testify about Thomas's sexual harassment.
The new civil rights law assumes discrimination exists if __________.
racial disparities can be demonstrated statistically
Affirmative action in employment __________.
proved less controversial than affirmative action in colleges and universities
Amnesty International's 1998 report on police brutality in the United States __________.
found numerous violations of international standards of police conduct
Why did President George H. W. Bush's popularity fall in early 1992?
The country went into a recession.
What do Boris Bittker, James Foreman, and Randall Robinson have in common?
They all argued in favor of reparations for slavery.
Which of the following helps explain why President Bush's popularity plummeted after his re-election in 2004?
He lost public confidence in his handling of the Iraq War.
In which of these ways were the 2008 presidential campaigns of Barack Obama and John McCain similar?
Both men used similar language about hope and change.
The turning point in the campaign occurred when __________.
the nation was rocked by a financial crisis
The founders of the "Black Lives Matter" movement demanded that __________.
police officers involved in shootings be treated by the same standard used to judge others
After the 1964 failure of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, Stokley Carmichael argued that it was time __________.
to form an independent black political party
Which of the following was a consequence of Malcolm X's pilgrimage to Mecca?
He repudiated the notion that all white people are evil.
Which of the following best characterizes Stokely Carmichael's understanding of the term "black power"?
the exercise of political power by black people to advance their goals and priorities
The Black Panthers combined Black Nationalist ideology with __________.
In the view of black militants like the Black Panthers, poor black communities were most like which of the following?
Which of the following was true of Newark, New Jersey, in 1967?
It was a majority black city.
What made the Community Action Programs (CAPs) different than previous programs designed to alleviate poverty?
CAPs enlisted the poor themselves as active participants in the shaping and implementation of the program.
Which of the following provided the justification for President Johnson to ask Congress for authority to escalate American involvement in Vietnam?
an alleged attack on U.S. naval vessels
How did Martin Luther King respond to the urban rebellions of 1965 and 1966?
He moved his campaign to the North.
Which of the following was true of playwright LeRoi Jones?
After 1965, Jones began to change from an integrationist to a black cultural nationalist.
Which of the following can be accurately described as an integrationist in the late 1960s?
Which of the following best characterizes Richard Nixon's views on busing as a means to desegregate schools?
He argued that busing was counterproductive.
Between Nixon's election in 1968 and his re-election in 1972, __________.
opposition to the war in Vietnam grew
Shirley Chisholm __________.
was the first black woman elected to Congress
Why did most African Americans find President Carter's overall record unsatisfactory?
He did not help Democrats in Congress to pass universal healthcare and full-employment measures.
Which of the following statements about the experience of blacks in the 1950s is most accurate?
Most African Americans did not benefit from the economic boom of the 1950s.
Why did the NAACP set up the Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDEF)?
to attack racial inequality in American education
What did Sipuel v. Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma and Sweatt v. Painter have in common?
Both cases centered on the interpretation and application of the Fourteenth Amendment.
What happened to the NAACP in the aftermath of the Brown decision?
Its membership in the South fell dramatically.
Which of the following was true of the black community of Montgomery, Alabama, in the years before the bus boycott?
It had a core of protest groups.
Martin Luther King, Jr. __________.
had a Ph.D. from Boston University
On which of the following did the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) focus?
securing voting rights for black people
Which of the following best explains why President Eisenhower sent troops to Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957?
to defend the sovereignty of the federal courts
The Greensboro sit-in __________.
was planned by students who had been members of the NAACP
Which of the following played a key role in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee?
What role did African Americans play in deciding the outcome of the election of 1960?
They provided Kennedy with the votes he needed to win a narrow victory.
From the perspective of Martin Luther King, Jr., the Albany Movement was a __________.
Which of the following was true of Birmingham, Alabama, in the early 1960s?
The Ku Klux Klan operated in the city with impunity.
How did Congress respond to Kennedy's proposed civil rights bill?
It was blocked by southern Democrats.
Unlike the Civil Rights Act of 1957, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 __________.
had strong enforcement provisions
What was the basis for the political program of Adolph Hitler and Benito Mussolini?
Which of the following helps explain why President Roosevelt's ability to react to developments in Europe and Asia during the 1930s was limited?
America did not have a large and powerful military in the 1930s.
How did A. Philip Randolph pressure President Roosevelt to address the issue of discrimination in the defense industry?
He threatened to stage a march on Washington.
At the beginning of World War II, most black men who sought to join the armed forces __________.
were assigned to segregated service battalions
Which of the following best characterizes the views of Undersecretary of War Robert Patterson at the beginning of World War II?
The integration of the armed forces would undermine their military effectiveness.
Which of the following was true of the training offered to African-American soldiers?
Four-fifths of all training camps were located in the South.
The Negro Soldier, a 1943 War Department film, emphasized __________.
the long history of contributions by black soldiers to America's wars
The Tuskegee Airmen were first used in combat in __________.
North Africa and the Mediterranean
Which of the following best characterizes the findings of sociologists St. Clair Drake and Horace Cayton?
Many black soldiers had been exposed to radical political and racial ideas prior to entering the armed services.
Which of the following helps explain why the number of black men who worked on farms fell sharply between 1940 and 1945?
Defense jobs drew rural blacks to northern cities.
Which of the following helps explain the rapid growth of the black population of Los Angeles in the 1940s?
The city was home to a growing aircraft industry.
Which of the following was true of the Southern Regional Council (SRC)?
It was devoted to expanding democracy.
As the process of decolonization moved forward, the United States struggled to __________.
keep the new nations from falling under Soviet control
Which of the following was true of the investigation of W. E. B. Du Bois by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)?
It failed to prove he was a communist agent.
President Truman's Executive Order 9981 mandated __________.
the desegregation of the armed forces
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