Terms in this set (26)
How did African people adapt to various environments and develop complex societies?
They used camels to get across the deserts, the Africans used trees and leaves in the rain-forest to adapt and built shelters.
Large desert in Africa
Land at the southern edge of the Sahara
Religion in which spirits play a role in daily life
African people who lived in what is now Nigeria from 500 B.C. to A.D. 200
Oldest known city in Africa south of the Sahara
1. Name three contrasting features of African geography.
There are hot, dry deserts; steamy, wet rain forests; and high, cool mountains.
2. Where did African people settle and begin farming?
The African people settled in the Sahara before it became a desert and farmed in the Nile Valley and West Africa or on the grass-lands.
3. What features did people living south of the Sahara have in common?
Some common features that the people living in the south of Tthe Sahara is that the family was the most important unit of society, they believed that one god created the world, and they relied on oral storytelling, rather than writing, to pass on the traditions of their people.
4. What is Djenné-Djeno?
Djenné-Djeno is the oldest known African city south of the Sahara. It is located on the banks of the Niger River.
What is the human environmental geography in Africa?
It is a continent, desert, rain forests, equator, the Nile, Savannah, grasslands, Sahara desert, plateaus...
What were the causes and effects of the Bantu migration in Africa?
The cause for the Bantu migration was the search for better agriculture or areas for farming, economic pressure and political or religious prosecution and its effects were such of push and pull factors and the stabilization of migration.
A permanent move from one area to another
Reasons attracting or driving people to move
People who speak one of a group of languages related to Bantu
1. Name three key reasons for migration.
They are environmental change, economic pressure, political and religious persecution as reasons for migration.
2. Why did the Bantu peoples keep moving to new areas?
The Bantu people kept on moving to new areas to fit their style of farming. They moved to knew areas that enriched their farming and made it easier for them.
How did trade and culture develop in Aksum?
Trade and culture developed in Aksum because of cultures moving in and different people moving in making Aksum like Egypt, a commercial sight which induced trade and demand for resources.
African kingdom that reached the height of its power in the fourth century A.D.
Chief seaport of Aksum
King of Aksum who conquered Kush
Step like ridges built on slopes to improve farming
1. Why was Aksum an important trading center?
Aksum was a important trading center because its trade routes connected Rome and India, it had many goods such as brass, gold, copper salt and much more moved along it. Also Aksum was a cultural diffused city.
2. What achievements and advances were made in Aksum?
Achievements were such of the creations of terraces which helped the land hold water instead of letting it run down the mountain in a heavy rain which was called terrace farming. The people of Aksum also used dams and stone tanks to store water and used ditches to channel it to their fields.There were many agricultural achievements.
3. Why did the rulers of Aksum move their capital?
The Aksum kings moved their capital over the mountains to a hard-to-reach area, in present-day northern Ethiopia in fear of conquer from the Islamic regions.