30 terms


Mr. Baker.
brain trusts
Group of expert policy advisers who worked with FDR in the 1930s to end the great depression
Harry Hopkins
A New York social worker who headed the Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Civil Works Administration. He helped grant over 3 billion dollars to the states wages for work projects, and granted thousands of jobs for jobless Americans. (p778)
Eleanor Roosevelt
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for birth control and better conditions for working women
Civilian Conservation Corps
work relief; assigned unemployed jobs to conserve environment; discriminatory against blacks
Tennessee Valley Authority
A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.
Social Security Act
(FDR) 1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers beginning at age 65; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
American Liberty League
a conservative anti-New Deal organization; members included Alfred Smith, John W. Davis, and the Du Pont family. It criticized the "dictatorial" policies of Roosevelt and what it perceived to be his attacks on the free enterprise system.
Francis Perkins
Roosevelt's Secretary of Labor and first woman cabinet member in U.S. history.
Mary McLeod Bethune
Office of Minority Affairs; she supported African american rights
Charles Coughlin
A radio priest who was anti-Semetic and anti-New Deal. He catered away some support from FDR.
Francis E. Townsend
liberal reformer that wanted the government to grant a pension of $200 a month to every American over 60 years old
Huey Long
Senator of Louisiana; "Share Our Wealth Society": $5000 homestead;
Schecter v. United States
NRA of NIRA is declared unconstitutional
John Maynard Keynes
British economist who argued that for a nation to recovery fully from a depression, the govt had to spend money to encourage investment and consumption
John Collier
Head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs who introduced the Indian New Deal and pushed congress to pass Indian Reorganization Act
John Steinbeck
American novelist who wrote "The Grapes of Wrath". (1939) A story of Dustbowl victims who travel to California to look for a better life.
Dorothea Lange
United States photographer remembered for her portraits of rural workers during the Depression (1895-1965)
Hitler's expansionist theory based on a drive to acquire "living space" for the German people
Munich Agreement
In an effort to appease German ambitions, Britain and France agreed in this in 1938 to let Germany occupy part of Czech, yet this appeasement only furthered Hitler's conquests.
"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Gerald Nye
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated World War I munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Winston Churchill
A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe; commander during D-Day
Douglas MacArthur
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
Potsdam Declaration
Ultimatum from the Potsdam Conference that was issued by the United States, Great Britain and China to Japan offering that country the choice between unconditional surrender and total annihilation.
J. Robert Oppenheimer
leader of Manhattan project; remember for qoute "I am Death, destroyer of worlds."
Manhattan Project
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
George S. Patton
He commanded the American armored divisions across France after D Day
Bataan Death March
April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so many of the prisoners died en route.
Operation Overlord
the code name for the Allied invasion of Europe at Normandy on June 6, 1944; also known as D-Day