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PSY PER Exam 3
Terms in this set (23)
Heinz Kohut is recognized as the found of which tradition in the psychoanalytic tradition
b. self psychology
From the lecture and readings, according to Freud, all significant behavior and experience are caused by forces over which the person has very little control. This proposition represents the fundament Freudian assumption of what
A. Intrapsychic Determinism
Which of these is NOT one of Freuds classical models of personality
d. seperation- individuation
According to Freud, the _____ is the part of the mind that contains all the information that you are not currently thinking about but could easily bring to mind
b. Preconscious mind
The ego according to Freud operates according to the _____ principle
b. on the reality principle
According to Freud which part of the mind most depends on a child's identification with a parent
A conflict between the superego and the ego is experienced as _________
b. Neurotic anxiety
The ego uses ___________ to deal with anxiety.
c. Defense Mechanisms
Repression means to do what within oneself?
a. To make something unconscious
Making excuses or coming up with acceptable explanations for one's behavior is an example of:
When we see negative qualities in others that we ourselves possess, it could be the result of what
Which term refers to getting stuck at a given stage of development?
Object relations theory stresses the importance of the following in determining adult
b. Significant emotional interactions (especially in childhood)
Which of the following are characteristic of an attachment object (person)?
d. All of the above are characteristics of attachment objects
The securely attached infant experiences which of the following:
c. Uses mother as a base from which to explore and then return back
Heinz Kohut (Self Psychology) became famous for working with narcissistic personalities. What
experience of self does the narcissistic individual have according to Kohut?
b. Empty self
Why did Kohut refer to the personality as "bipolar?"
d. He believed the personality was held together by a tensions arc
between ideals and ambitions
Erik Erikson was primarily concerned with the problem of:
Who was the theorist who found a way to translate Freud's psychosexual stages into cultural and
social stages of identity formation?
d. Erik Erkison
Margarat Mahler, an object-relations theorist was known for creating the "separation-
individuation" model of development. The successful resolution of separation-individuation was
which of the following:
b. Object constancy
Between Freud, Erikson, and Bowlby (attachment theory), whose theories most resonate with
you? Whose theories align most with your own personality and interests in the field of
Betweent Freud, Erikson, and Bowlby I think the ideas and theories that pertained most to my own life was Bowbly and his attatchment theories. When I was very young up until I left for college I was, and still am, very attached to my parents. I know this may seem like a common reaction one may have to their parents but when learning about all of Bowlby's attachment theories I realized how much my younger self resonated with secure attachment. I remember every time my mother left me with a babysitter I would bawl my eyes out for at least an hour. Even when my mom would drop me off at my grandparents house, even when I was in middle school, I would cling onto her and cry and cry begging her to not leave. I was in such distress when she would leave and learning about this specific attachment theory as well as the comparison to the others brought me back to my actions as a child. I found it incredibly interesting how different everyones attachment is with their guardians based on upbringing and personality. As for who I resonated the most with when thinking about interests in field I would still say Bowbly's attachment theories interested me the most because of the connection with children it has and the methods to help children cope.
How would you describe the differences between psychoanalysis broadly (i.e., Freud, attachment
theory, object relations) and the humanistic tradition of Rogers and Maslow?
There are a good amount of differences between psychoanalysis and the humanistic tradition. A major difference is that the psychoanalytic theory says that human nature is a quite pessimistic demeanor whereas the humanistic approach is a much more optimistic outlook. There are also differences between the two theories socially, for example, the psychoanalytic theory states that humans are viewed as beings having a selfish, pessimistic inside which is more so the id in everyone. As opposed to the humanistic approach which states more emphasis on the positive potential individuals have passed their downfalls.
How would you describe object relations psychology to a friend? What are the main tenets of
this way of understanding human psychology? What real-life examples might you use to
illustrate your points?
Object relations psychology is a part of psychoanalytic psychology and is the process of developing a subconscious in relation to others during the childhood stages of development. This view on human psychology is brought about by Freud's idea that humans are sexually and aggressively motivating. This meaning individuals are primarily infatuated by the desire for human contact and in other words, the need for relationships. A common example of this would be a child thinking their mother is good because of the fact that she feeds me when I am hungry. This puts the idea of an object projected onto the mother because of the positive actions in result one's needs.
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