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State Exam Questions
Terms in this set (115)
What 3 things must a motorist have while operating a motor vehicle?
A. Valid driver's license, valid probationary license, or validated NJ permit
B. Vehicle_Registration cards
C. Valid Insurance
A motorist who changes their ADDRESS has _____ week(s) to change it with MVC.
A motorist who changes their NAME has _____ week(s) to change it with MVC.
What does GDL stand for?
Graduated Drivers License
What are the four factors which influence blood alcohol concentration in the body?
Amount of alc, consumed, body weight, how quickly it was consumed, foot eaten
Name the amount, in ounces, of beer, wine, and liquor that would make them equivalent to each other.
12 oz beer =5 oz wine= 1.5 oz of 86 proof liquor
Explain when it is legal to pass another vehicle from your lane.
A broken line on your side of the road
During night driving, within what distance, should you be able to stop your vehicle safely?
distance lit by your head light
If you go into a skid you should:
take your foot off the gas, don't break, turn into the directions of the skid
What is the penalty, for a first conviction, for driving while under the influence of alcohol with a BAC less than .10% and greater than .08%?
3 month license suspension. $250-400 fine and 12-48 hours participation in the IDRC, up to 30 days in prison, $100 to the drunk driver fund, $1,000 annual surcharge for 3 years, $75 to the sade neighbor fund, community service possible interlock device (6 months- year)
In making a right turn, you should position your vehicle in what lane?
right lane; close to the right hand curb
In the state of New Jersey, what type of vehicle insurance is mandatory?
Explain the "three-second plus" rule.
pick an object on the side of the road. when vehicles in front of you passed the object it should be three seconds before you pass the same object.
Name some ways you can communicate with other drivers.
use signals, horns, pumping breaks, & lights
What is the distance, in feet, you should signal before making a turn?
If not posted, what is the legal speed limit in residential and business areas?
Other than on a multi-lane highway, when is it legal to pass on the right?
when the vehicle in front of you is making a left turn and there is a sufficient room to your right
What three documents must be in possession, when operating a vehicle and going for a Road Test in the state of New Jersey?
insurance, registration, license/permit
What is the only factor that reduces alcohol levels in the blood?
What should a driver test after driving through a puddle of water?
Test your breaks: pump your break hard and fast several times
Explain the term hydroplaning.
when your tires ride on the surface of the water
What should you do when another vehicle is passing?
slow down, make it easier for them to pass
What does a red flashing signal mean?
stop, wait until traffic is clear and then proceed
Name some reasons why seat belts are important.
keep you in place (sliding) during sudden turns, keeps you from going through the windshield, slows your body down during a crash
What steps do you take as a driver, if your vehicle swerves off the road?
slow down, regain control of the car, and turn back onto the roadway slowly
What steps do you take as a driver, if you have a tire blowout?
Have a firm grip on the steering wheel, do NOT break, do NOT gas, let the vehicle coast to stop
Explain the best way to negotiate a curve in the road.
slow down before entering the curve; accelerate through
What does it mean what a school bus flashes: Yellow lights & Red lights
a. Yellow lights: caution and slow down
b. Red lights: stop 25 feet in either direction of the school bus
When are you allowed to make a right turn on a red light? What steps should you take before turning?
make a complete stop, check traffic for vehicles and pedestrians, proceed if clear
What are the penalties for altering your license?
up to $1,000 fine, up to 6 months imprisonment, license suspended
What precaution, should you take, when driving in a city?
reduce speed, use good judgement, look 12 seconds ahead
What is the number of points deducted from your license, if you have no moving violation for 1 year?
Draw the following signs: Stop sign & School area sign
Stop: octagon, red, white words stop, 8 sided
School area: yellow, pentagon, two pedestrians walking, 5 sided
What is the meaning of: Diamond shaped sign & triangular shaped sign
a. Diamond shaped sign: warning. caution
b. Triangular shaped sign: yield
What are your chances of causing an accident when your BAC is: .05%: & .10%
How far should you park from the following?
Fire house, same side of the street:
Fire house, opposite side of the street:
Fire hydrant: 10 ft
Railroad: 15 ft
Crosswalk: 25 feet
Stop sign: 50 ft
Fire house, same side of the street: 20 ft
Fire house, opposite side of the street: 75 ft
What should you do with old license plates?
return them to the dmv & get a receipt
What is the time period a new resident has to inspect their vehicle in the state of New Jersey?
14 days after regristration
What should you do, if an emergency vehicle is approaching from the front or the rear of your vehicle?
Pull to the extreme right
Explain the proper procedure in making a left turn, from a 4-lane road onto a 2-lane road.
Get into the lane closest to the centerline; make your turn in the middle of the intersections; turn into the 1st available right hand lane
What should you do if you miss your exit on an expressway?
Take the next exit
If a student driver commits a driving violation with a parent or instructor, who is responsible?
Both driver & instructor
Name some examples of when a driver would use high headlight beams?
Open country driving
What are the three hand signals?
left: left arm straight out
right: left arm out and pointed up
stop: right angle facing down
Explain the Implied Consent Law.
you have given your consent to a breath test if pulled over for drinking and driving
When 2 vehicles enter an intersection at the same time, who yields?
Vehicles on the right
Which way should you turn your tires when parking your vehicle?
Facing uphill with a curb:
Facing uphill without a curb:
Facing uphill with a curb: away from the curb
Facing downhill: faced towards the curb
Facing uphill without a curb: tires faced towards the right
Explain the procedures you would take in making a left hand turn.
Turn on the left turn signal before you make the turn and slow down.
Look both ways and make sure that the oncoming lanes are clear.
Make the turn from the designated lane (use left lane).
Do not enter into the right lane (in some states it is illegal to enter the right lane after the turn is completed)
What is the "Highway Hypnosis" and how would you try to avoid becoming hypnotized?
Definition: When you've been behind the wheel for too long.
How to avoid : driving with the windows down or with loud music; stopping to take a break is advised
When is a paved road most slippery during the rainfall?
During the first 15 mins
What is the standard Accident Prevention Formula?
be alert, be prepared, act in time
What is the New Jersey child passenger safety law?
- children who are under 8 and who are less than 57 inches tall must ride in a facing forward rear car seat or a rear booster seat.
- children who are under 4 and weigh less than 40 points must ride in a facing forward rear car seat
- children who are under 2 and weigh less than 30 pounds must ride in a rear facing car seat
Explain the following traffic signals:
- Red light: come to a complete stop
- Yellow light: slow down- make every responsible effort to stop
- Green arrow: make a turn in the direction of the arrow; go when safe
In the state of New Jersey, you are under the influence of alcohol, when your BAC reaches what percent?
Over 21 y/o; BAC over 0.08%
What does a single white line, across (horizontal) an intersection, indicate?
Stop behind the line
What is the meaning of a yellow line down the center of the road?
divides the road, separates traffic in the opposite direction
What is a good practice to follow when 2 roads intersect and there are no signs or signals?
slow down and be ready to stop; yield to the driver to the right
What should a driver do when approaching or nearing an uncontrolled intersection?
slow down be ready to stop for traffic
When should you dim your lights to low beams?
city driving, when someone is in front of you, when someone is driving towards you, fog/rain
What must you know to share the road with large trucks and buses safely
trucks and buses have limited visibility, a required stopping distance and disadvantage at maneuvers, take 25% more time to stop
What is the correct procedure if you approach an intersection and a large truck is stopped for the traffic light?
leave plenty of space, yield to truck
What is the legal time period in New Jersey that studded snow tires can be used?
Nov. 15 - April 1
Who is required be the GDL law to wear a seat belt in the vehicle?
Why can't you take your road test in a vehicle with any obstructions or consoles between the driver and the examiner?
examiner must be able to reach the breaks
Effective March, 2002, what is the only reason(s) motorist in New Jersey can use handheld wireless telephones while driving?
To call an emergency vehicle
List the order of colors on a traffic light hung top to bottom then bottom to top.
How many passengers may accompany the holder of a validated GDL Special Learners Permit in the vehicle?
Driver & one additional passenger
How many passengers can the holder of a Provisional Drivers License, under 21 years old, have in the car?
Driver & only 1 passenger (unless accompanied by parent or guardian)
Which requirements must be met by the holder of a validated GDL Student Learner's Permit in order to obtain a Provisional license?
Must pass the road test, practiced supervised driving for 6 months, & be at least 17
What is the holder of a Provisional Driver License not permitted to use while driving?
handheld or hands free cell or any electronic device
How much is the fine for violation of any of the conditions of the GDL Permits or Provisional License?
Which conviction will result in an Insurance Surcharge?
Any alcohol related violation
What is the time period that a holder of a validated GDL Examination Permit (21 years of age or under) is required to drive with supervision?
Emotions can have a great effect on your driving, what should you do if you are angry or excited?
Give yourself time to cool off
The holder of a validated GDL Special Learner's permit must not drive between what hours?
11:01 pm and 5:00 am
What does it mean if the driver of a truck or bus cannot see you in his rearview mirrors?
You are in a blindspot/no zone
What are the requirements to be a supervising driver for the holder of a validated GDL Permit?
21 years old, 3 year driver's license, New Jersey driver's license
What requirement must be met for the holder of a Provisional License, who is under the age of 21, to drive unsupervised?
pass road test, at least 17 yrs old, supervised driving for 6 months
A provisional driver is provisional for how long?
Describe why each of these need to be in working order:
Describe why each of these need to be in working order:
Steering: To be able to make turns and control the car safely
Tail Lights: To signal other motorists in the dark and to prevent accidents
Tires: To save money in fuel consumption and to not skid or slide on the road
Turn Signals: To notify other motorists that you are going to be turning
Windshield: To clean rain/snow off of the front window to be able to see while driving
What type of license is accepted for a person to operate a Moped?
Moped license/any other license
What must be presented at the time of your Road Test?
supervising driver, permit, registration, insurance card, 6 point identification
When it is raining or snowing during daylight hours, what must a provisional driver have on?
Headlights & windshield wipers
What is a deceleration lane?
An extra lane at a highway exit that allows to slow down to exit safely
Under GDL Law, what is the reason(s) for attending a remedial training class?
2 or more moving violations or 4 points
When does alcohol begin to impair after two to four drinks?
reaction time, judgement, decision making, vision
Define aggressive driving. What are some signs that someone is driving aggressively?
a progression of unlawful actions including, but not limited to, unexpectedly altering speed, improper or erratic lane changes disregarding traffic control devices, failing to yield the right of way, following too closely
If your license plates are lost or stole, who do you notify first?
When is the only time you can park or stop in front of a public or private driveway?
When directed by an officer
List what will be tested while taking the road test
driving in reverse, following other vehicles, nearing corners, intersections, parallel parking, sitting properly, starting vehicle, steering property, turning, using horn, yielding
What can potentially cause dangerous carbon monoxide levels to accumulate inside of a car, and what should you do if this happens?
operating a vehicle with exhaust leak or poorly tuned engine or trunk or rear tailgate open; call 911
What are the effects of carbon monoxide poisoning?
- loss of consciousness
- nausea/ vomiting
- chest pain
How can you obtain a basic driver's license?
In order to obtain a basic driver's license, 6 point ID verification, a knowledge test, a vision test, road test, and possibly an interpreter are required.
Your eyesight has to be at least _____ to obtain your basic license.
What requirements does your test vehicle need when you take it for the road test?
No obstructions or consoles that prevent the examiner from reaching the brakes, working signals, brake light, and windshield, valid inspection sticker, and red decals.
How many months must you practice driving before you can obtain your license?
Drivers under the age of 21 must have a minimum of 6 months of driving experience, while drivers over the age of 21 must have a minimum of 3 months.
The motorist is responsible for all passengers under the age of?
What percent does a seatbelt improve a person's chance of survival?
Describe why each of these need to be in working order:
Backup Lights: signal other drivers that you are backing up.
Brakes: allow you to slow down and stop the car
Brake Lights: signal other drivers that you are slowing down or stopping
Headlights: To be able to see ahead when it is nighttime or if there is poor weather and so that other drivers can see you
Horn: To signal when passing or when coming out of a blind alley, curve, or driveway
Describe the starting a car checklist.
The seats and mirrors should be adjusted according to the driver's comfort and size, windows should be clean, seat belts should be fastened comfortably, the car should be in park or neutral gear and the parking brake should be set, and doors should be locked.
Where should your hands be placed on a steering wheel?
9 and 3 o'clock
What type of steering is involved in turning?
Hand over hand steering is involved in turning.
Describe the body positioning of driving in reverse.
The driver's head and body should be turned to the right until he/she can see clearly through the back window of the vehicle without the use of mirrors. His/her right hand and arm should be placed over the back of the front passenger seat; the left hand should grasp the top of the steering wheel.
What are blind spots?
Blind spots are areas around the car that are not visible when the driver is looking straight ahead
Where is there a speed limit of 55 MPH:
Certain state highways (as posted) and interstates
An intersection where traffic is controlled by a traffic signal or regulatory sign is called...
A controlled intersection
Motorists should always be prepared to yield to the following vehicles:
- Police cars
- Fire Trucks
- Tow truck
- Highway maintenance
When a motorist enters a curve they should slow down because...
Vehicles tend to go straight
What is tailgating?
following too closely behind a vehicle directly in front
How many car lengths should we leave for every ten MPH between you and the car in front of you?
1 car length
If you refuse a breath test what is the BAC you are guilty of?
A BAC of 0.10%
the fine for failing to stop for a pedestrian in a crosswalk
safe corridor law
doubles fines on various highways for various offenses.
the best distance to use when following vehicle on WET roads
6 second rule
used to notify loved ones if someone is incapacitated in an accident. anyone at least 14 years of age voluntarily can submit and maintain the name and telephone number of two emergency contact persons to the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Commission.
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