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Psychology Exam 5 Review
Terms in this set (20)
Samantha runs around telling people she is Mother Theresa, this is an example of what?
deviance, dysfunction, distress and danger are all what?
The four Ds of abnormal behavior
You suddenly have a burst of fear (even though you're not in any real danger) your heart is racing and you feel like you've lost all control.
What disorder does this example explain?
What is a phobia and how is it different than a fear?
A fear is a normal, healthy emotional response. A phobia is a fear of something that creates an overwhelming emotional/physiological response that interferes with ones quality of life.
Experiencing extreme "ups and downs" is an identifier of what disorder?
This is when someone experiences stimuli in areas of the brain (as if they are hearing) something but there is no external stimuli.
(ie - Tom is hearing voices that aren't really there)
This is an example of what disorder?
Maria is experiencing frequent delusions, hallucinations and disorganized thinking that impairs her daily functioning.
Paul is very charming and outgoing, this makes it easy for people to like him. He is very manipulative and has no regard for other people. He shows no remorse when doing something violent or harmful to someone.
He is exhibiting behaviors of what disorder?
anti-social personality disorder
What are the three types of therapy?
What kind of therapy is this an example of?
You go into therapy in hopes of improving your anxiety levels/fear of public speaking. In therapy you take small steps that build up to giving a speech to peers in a controlled environment. You also learning skills and techniques to activate your parasympathetic system and deactivate your sympathetic system.
This is an example of classical conditioning in behavioral therapy
Anti-depressants and anti-anxiety medications are used in what type of therapy
These are examples of medications used to decrease psychological symptoms, they are often used in biomedical therapies
Julia is a therapist, she uses this technique in her talk therapy sessions.
Her client tells her that she is scared of drinking alcohol because at a young age she found her dad who had died due to drinking too much. Julia then rephrases what the client told her by saying "You have a fear of alcohol because you found your dad who was dead due to excessive alcohol consumption."
What is the technique called?
This is called active listening and is commonly used in talk therapies
What is it called when someone has a brain surgery to alter abnormal physiology in hopes of treating certain mental disorders?
This is a last resort in biomedical therapy.
You witness a car accident and you are with a large group of people. You think to yourself "there's so many people here, I don't need to do anything because someone else will help."
This is an example of what?
the bystander effect
This is a habit of someone to take credit when positive things happen, but to blame outside factors when something negative happens.
(i.e. Someone gets a good grade on a group project, they respond with "I know, I'm just too smart, I did the whole project perfectly (they take all the credit) ..but.. if they get a bad grade they respond with "well the teacher didn't teach it good, there wasn't enough time on the test, Sue was being distracting!" (blaming outside factors))
attributions - self serving bias
Is this an example of prejudice or discrimination?
Pablo was denied a job because of the color of his skin.
discrimination- he is being treated differently because of the color of his skin, not his ability to preform the job.
experiencing unpleasant mental tension due to two conflicting thoughts or beliefs
In this theory, love is explained in a triangle with 4 types of love: Romantic, Companion, fatuous and consummate love. According to this theory, only consummate love truly lasts.
What theory is this?
This is Steinberg's triangular theory of love
this is your brain and spinal cord
CNS- central nervous system
When you see a spider and you go into fight or flight being scared and you panic, scream and run away before you even process what is happening. What is activated?
your sympathetic system
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