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a licensed specialist who formulates and dispenses prescribed medications


OTC, a medication that can be purchased without a prescription


named for its chemical structure and is not protected by a brand name or trademark


that part of a brand that can be spoken, including letters, words and numbers, is sold under the name given the drug by the manufacturer


compulsive, uncontrollable dependence on a drug, alcohol, or other substance

Adverse drug reaction

an undesirable drug response that accompanies the principal response for which the drug was taken


the patient's consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional


a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill advised


a substance that ease the pain or severity of the symptoms of a disease, but does not cure it


an inactive substance substituted in place of the actual drug to satisfy the patient.


any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever


a medicine used to relieve pain


analgesic that reduces pain and fever, but does not relieve inflammation

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

NSAID, nonnarcotic analgesics administered to control pain by reducing inflammation and swelling


a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic


a medication given rectally to cause a bowel movement.

Sublingual administration

drugs are given by placement under the tongue

Topical application

liquid or ointment that is rubbed into the skin on the area to be treated


medication is administered from a patch that is applied to unbroken skin


taken into the body in a manner other than through the digestive canal

Subcutaneous injection

made into the fatty layer just below the skin

Intradermal injection

made into the middle layers of the skin


(bolus infusion) a single, concentrated dose of drug usually injected into a blood vessel over a short period of time, chewed food


a drug that destroys microorganisms (particularly bacteria) or
inhibits their growth


referring to an injury or illness that occurs as a result of medical
care (either intentionally, such as the side effects of chemotherapy, or intentially)


pertaining to an illness whose cause is either uncertain or as yet undetermined

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