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26 terms

Diagnostic Procedures and Pharmacology

Pharmacology
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Pharmacist
a licensed specialist who formulates and dispenses prescribed medications
Over-the-counter
OTC, a medication that can be purchased without a prescription
Generic
named for its chemical structure and is not protected by a brand name or trademark
Brand-name
that part of a brand that can be spoken, including letters, words and numbers, is sold under the name given the drug by the manufacturer
Addiction
compulsive, uncontrollable dependence on a drug, alcohol, or other substance
Adverse drug reaction
an undesirable drug response that accompanies the principal response for which the drug was taken
Compliance
the patient's consistency and accuracy in following the regimen prescribed by a physician or other health care professional
Contraindication
a factor in the patient's condition that makes the use of a medication or specific treatment dangerous or ill advised
Palliative
a substance that ease the pain or severity of the symptoms of a disease, but does not cure it
Placebo
an inactive substance substituted in place of the actual drug to satisfy the patient.
Antipyretic
any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever
Analgesic
a medicine used to relieve pain
Acetaminophen
analgesic that reduces pain and fever, but does not relieve inflammation
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSAID, nonnarcotic analgesics administered to control pain by reducing inflammation and swelling
Ibuprofen
a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic
Suppository
a medication given rectally to cause a bowel movement.
Sublingual administration
drugs are given by placement under the tongue
Topical application
liquid or ointment that is rubbed into the skin on the area to be treated
Transdermal
medication is administered from a patch that is applied to unbroken skin
Parenteral
taken into the body in a manner other than through the digestive canal
Subcutaneous injection
made into the fatty layer just below the skin
Intradermal injection
made into the middle layers of the skin
Bolus
(bolus infusion) a single, concentrated dose of drug usually injected into a blood vessel over a short period of time, chewed food
Antibiotic
a drug that destroys microorganisms (particularly bacteria) or
inhibits their growth
Iatrogenic
referring to an injury or illness that occurs as a result of medical
care (either intentionally, such as the side effects of chemotherapy, or intentially)
Idiopathic
pertaining to an illness whose cause is either uncertain or as yet undetermined