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Chapter 9 APUSH
Terms in this set (58)
What became the South's cash crop?
How had the South become dependent on the British?
relied on Britain for their income from the selling of the cotton
Where did most investment and entrepreneurial talent go into?
Producing cotton for export
Name the three Chesapeake states
Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware
In 1790 what group of people were among the richest in the republic?
Virginia and South Carolina planters
With tobacco profits falling many Chesapeake planters switched to what three crops?
Wheat, corn, and livestock
Land tenancy came with what?
Slaves for rent
Tasks given to slaves was based on what?
Tasks that required artisanal skills were given to ______ slaves
Why did Chesapeake planters need less slaves than in the past?
the increase in technology led to the machines doing the work faster and better then slaves
What does manumit mean?
to set slaves free
Who two colonies started to manumit their slaves?
Maryland and Delaware
Why did Virginia choose not to manumit their slaves?
feared social consequences of black freedom; couldn't afford to
What became the primary crop in South Carolina and Georgia?
What year did African slave trade end?
What is the task system?
each slave assigned a particular task for the day
What emerged under the task system?
What is a "private field"?
this allowed slaves 5 acres to grow and raise livestock to sell; allowed slaves to pass land to their children
Why did planters prefer the task system?
They worked hard with little supervision and produced most of their own food, and made money for their owners
Who invented the cotton gin?
Name three things the Cotton Belt do?
ended the Indian problem; secured free navigation of Miss.R; acquired Florida and Gulf Coast from Spain
What treaty acquired Florida and the gulf coast from Spain?
Adam Onis Treaty of 1819
Where did three fourths of the world supply of cotton come from?
What was the raw material of industrialization in Britain and Europe?
Which states filled the need for the slaves in the South?
By 1860 what two states held only 15% of American slaves?
virginia and maryland
Who bought slaves on speculation and sold them farther south?
Behind the plantations, what was the biggest business in the South?
Which planters exerted more discipline and direct control over their slaves?
Who were the elite in the South?
Where did plantation masters get their power?
the ownership of slaves
How many slaves did a person have to own to be classified as a planter?
20 or more
What was a child's first duty?
to their families reputation
What was someone who upheld the family by acting within a prescribed social role?
good man or good women
What was southern life all about?
honoring the obligations to which one was born
Who was a yeoman farmer?
someone who farmed without slaves; between rich and a slave
What two things did cotton produce?
an unequal distribution of wealth; a dual economy
yeomen society was similar to the life of ________
the 18th century countryside
Yeoman farmer relied on who for labor?
What was the most precious privilege on Chesapeake plantations?
the right to live in families
Between the Revolution and 1820 the _________ embraced Christianity and turned it into a religion of their own
What were slave religious songs that told of God's people, their trials, and ultimately their deliverance called?
What revolt started when a slave hatched a conspiracy to overthrow Virginia's slave regime and ended with 27 tried and hanged?
What revolt was started by a free black who planned the destruction of Charleston and ended with him being hung as well as 35 others?
Denmark Vesey's Revolt
What revolt was real and killed 55 whites because turner thought he was an instrument of God's wrath?
Nat Turner Revolt
Where was economic growth in South limited to?
What two things did planter invest all their money?
slaves and land
What did the South lack?
good markets and manufactured goods
What two things did the South fail to do?
build cities and city systems
What was the term for wives of slave men who lived on other plantations and were visited by their husbands during off hour?
What was the term for ministers who lacked their own parishes and who traveled from place to place?
What was the term that refers to release from slavery or bondage?
(Gradual emancipation was introduced in Penn. and provided for the eventual freeing of slaves born after a certain date when they reached age of 28)
What is the term for a semitropical plant that produced white, fluffy fibers that could be made into textiles?
What is the term for a social group that developed in the early 19th century comprised of urban and country merchants, master craftsmen who had turned themselves into manufacturers and market oriented farmers- small scale entrepreneurs who rose within market society?
Term for a farmer who owned his own farm?
What was the 19th century term for transportation facilities such as roads, canals, and railroads?
What is the term later devised to describe the religious songs of slaves?
What is the system under which farmers worked land that they did not own?
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