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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Unit 3 The Great Depression (Set 1)
Terms in this set (23)
A time of economic growth and general prosperity.
A monetary system in which paper money and coins are equal to the value of a certain amount of gold
An economic system based on private ownership of capital
Idea that government should play as small a role as possible in economic affairs.
A policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Taxes on imported goods
New York Stock Exchange
The largest stock exchange, located in New York City. Most of the companies on this exchange are larger companies with higher-priced stock.
A street in New York City famous for being the location of the New York stock exchange
the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.
A plan to revive the German economy, the United States loans Germany money which then can pay reparations to England and France, who can then pay back their loans from the U.S. This circular flow of money was a success.
This tariff rose the rates on imported goods in the hopes that domestic manufacturing would prosper. This prevented foreign trade, which hampered the economy since Europe could not pay its debts if it could not trade.
A farm-relief bill that was championed throughout the 1920s and aimed to keep agricultural prices high by authorizing the government to buy up surpluses and sell them abroad. Congress twice passed the bill, but President Calvin Coolidge vetoed it in 1927 and 1928.
A condition in which production of goods exceeds the demand for them
A period of increased stock trading and rising stock prices
stocks and shares
financial investments in a company or a supply of goods
A name given to October 29, 1929, when stock prices fell sharply.
buying on margin
paying a small percentage of a stock's price as a down payment and borrowing the rest
1929 Wall Street Crash
Market continues to boom until October, The Wall Street Crash causes massive loses for speculators.
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
Displaced farm families from the Oklahoma dust bowl who migrated to California during the 1930s in search of jobs.
In the 1930s these men roamed the country, hopped of freight cars, and went to wherever they could find a job. Sometimes they had to beg for food.
Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
Bank Runs and Failures
a financial crisis in which a large number of customers simultaneously attempt to withdraw their money from a bank out of fear that the bank will close
What was the phrase used to describe Nixon's strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the war?
where was La Salle´s first expedition from Fort St. Louis?
Asian, African American and white peoples sought new economic opportunities or religious refuge in the West, efforts that were boosted during and after the Civil War with the passage of new legislation promoting national economic development.
The Ku Klux Klan was formed because many white southerners opposed civil rights and disapproved of African American officeholders.
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