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Exam 5- Microbiology- Fall 2020
Terms in this set (60)
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding tuberculosis?
It remains viable in dried aerosol droplets for up to eight months
Which is a true statement about vaginosis and vaginitis?
Vaginitis describes vaginal inflammation while vaginosis does not
The microbe which causes primary atypical pneumonia is?
Changes in the influenza virus that could lead to pandemics is usually a result of?
Both Ancylostoma and Necator represent which type of worms?
Why are nearly all AIDS patients at risk of developing Pneumocystis pneumonia?
Pneumocystis jiroveci is a common member of the respiratory microbiome in humans and opportunistic pathogen
Inhalation anthrax is frequently fatal even with antibiotic therapy because
The anthrax toxin triggers necrosis and severe edema of the lungs
Which of the following is a common cause of otitis media?
A 30-year-old woman who is not pregnant presents with a foul-smelling, greenish vaginitis. A smear is taken, and routine tests performed. A motile, unicellular eukaryote with multiple flagella and an undulating membrane is observed in the microscope. What treatment is recommended?
Single dose of metronidazole
Plasmodium species reproduce sexually in
The presence of Gram-negative diplococci in pus from an inflamed penis is diagnostic for infection by
When bacteria invade the kidney, the result can be
Which of the following helminths is known for moving out of the body through the anus, nose, or mouth?
infection in the urinary tract is limited by all the following except
Constriction of the urethra by the prostate gland in men
Which one of the following diseases is NOT correctly matched to its vaccine?
Tuberculosis - toxoid
Which of the following can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, characterized by fever and abdominal pain?
both Chlamydia trachnomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Which of the following can mimic gonorrhea infections?
Which of the following factors is primarily responsible for the ability of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to survive long periods of time in dried droplets of respiratory aerosols?
The presence of mycolic acid in the cell wall
The development of pseudomembrane on the tonsils and throat is characteristic of
Which of these is the vector for the transmission of Rocky Mountain spotted fever?
Diphtheria toxin kills cells by interfering with which of the following processes
Which one of the following causes a disease characterized by the catarrhal, paroxysmal, and convalescent stages
Which of the following would be observed as a result of vulvovaginal candidiasis
a "cottage cheese" discharge
Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding gonorrhea
It is easily confused with syphillis
Urinary catheters pose risks of causing urinary tract infections because
they provide a surface for bacterial biofilms to establish and they can introduce bacteria from the skin, anal, or external genital areas into the bladder.
cycles of fever, chills, anemia, and headache along with passage of dark colored urine are symptoms of infection with
A man presents to the physician's office complaining of irritation in the genital area. Examination reveals a bright red rash with raised pustules with clear fluid. Upon questioning, the man reports he has recently been sexually active. What is the most likely diagnosis based upon the appearance of the genital lesions?
genital herpes caused by HSV-2
Which of the following is a characteristic of bacterial vaginosis frequently used to confirm diagnosis
the presence of clue cells
Which of these names applies to the common name dog tapeworm
Ornithosis, a disease of birds that can be transmitted to humans, is caused by
Infection by which one of the following results in the formation of Ghon complexes
"Rice water stools" are characteristic of?
Care in the handling and disposal of diapers in day care centers may prevent the spread of which of the following?
A rare neurological disorder involving purposeless involuntary movements, usually in childhood, called Sydenham's chorea usually follows an infection by?
Vegetations are associated with which of the following disease processes?
Some strains of the virus responsible for genital warts can cause the development of?
Typically, treatment for anthrax involves which of antibiotics?
Penicillin and a Zpak
Which of the following uses cows as the intermediate host and typically is referred to as the beef tapeworm?
Depletion of clotting proteins from the serum leads to the uncontrollable hemorrhaging seen in _______ infections?
All the following are used as first-line drugs for treating tuberculosis EXCEPT?
Which of these names applies to the broadfish tapeworm?
Which of these is the vector for the transmission of plague?
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is caused by?
Which of these names applies to the common name pork tapeworm?
Which of the following diseases is almost diagnostic for AIDS?
Which of these is the vector for the transmission for leishmaniasis?
Which of the following is the major sign or symptom of mumps?
Many bacterial infections of the lower digestive tract are treated with
water and electrolytes
results when M. tuberculosis bacteria are phagocytize and effectively walled off within granulomas in the lungs
This protozoan parasite may invade the peritoneal cavity, causing serious dysentery
Which of the following is vector that transmits trypanosoma cruzi
Urease is an important virulence factor of which of the following
The two major glycoproteins used by HIV to bind to CD4 and CXCR4 or CCR5 on the T cells are
gp41 and gp120
Bacillary dysentery caused by the genus ______________ can lead to hypovolemic shock and/or organ failure if medical attention is nor sought in time
The typical sign of primary syphilis is
a chancre at the site of infection
Which of these names applies to human pinworms?
A distinctive feature of secondary syphilis is?
A widespread rash that can include the palms and soles
the protozoan intracellular parasite usually acquired in contaminated drinking water which causes a persistent watery diarrhea, especially in neonates, the elderly and immunocompromised patients, is?
Which of the following is characteristic of Yersinia pestis infections?
Erythema migrans often develops as a result of what infection?
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