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242 terms

Mr. Andre's Vocab. Workshop Level C Units 1-12 EOY REVIEW

We've already learned, practiced and been tested over 202 of these terms! The vocab EOY will be a cinch!
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adage
(n.) a proverb, wise saying
bonanza
(n.) a rich mass of ore in a mine; something very valuable, profitable, or rewarding; a source of wealth or prosperity; a very large amount; sudden profit or gain
churlish
(adj.) lacking politeness or good manners; lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude
citadel
(n.) a fortress that overlooks and protects a city; any strong or commanding place
collaborate
(v.) to work with, work together
decree
(n.) an order having the force of law; (v.) to issue such an order; to command firmly or forcefully
discordant
(adj.) disagreeable in sound, jarring; lacking in harmony, conflicting
evolve
(v.) to develop gradually; to rise to a higher level
excerpt
(n.) a passage taken from a book, article, etc.; (v.) to take such a passage; to quote
grope
(v.) to feel about hesitantly with the hands; to search blindly and uncertainly
hover
(v.) to float or hang suspended over; to move back and forth uncertainly over or around
jostle
(v.) to make or force one's way by pushing or elbowing; to bump, shove, brush against; to compete for
laggard
(n.) a person who moves slowly or falls behind; (adj.) falling behind, slow to move, act, or respond
plaudits
(n. pl.) applause; enthusiastic praise or approval
preclude
(v.) to make impossible, prevent, shut out
revert
(v.) to return, go back
rubble
(n.) broken stone or bricks; ruins
servile
(adj.) of or relating to a slave; behaving like or suitable for a slave or a servant, menial; lacking spirit or independence, abjectly submissive
vigil
(n.) a watch, especially at night; any period of watchful attention
wrangle
(v.) to quarrel or argue in a noisy, angry way; to obtain by argument; to herd; (n.) a noisy quarrel
antics
(n. pl.) ridiculous and unpredictable behavior or actions
avowed
(adj., part.) declared openly and without shame, acknowledged
banter
(v.) to exchange playful remarks, tease; (n.) talk that is playful and teasing
bountiful
(adj.) giving freely, generous; plentiful, given abundantly
congested
(adj., part.) overcrowded, filled or occupied to excess
detriment
(n.) harm or loss; injury, damage; a disadvantage; a cause of harm, injury, loss, or damage
durable
(adj.) sturdy, not easily worn out or destroyed; lasting for a long time; (n. pl.) consumer goods used repeatedly over a series of years
enterprising
(adj.) energetic, willing and able to start something new; showing boldness and imagination
frugal
(adj.) economical, avoiding waste and luxury; scanty, poor, meager
gingerly
(adj., adv.) with extreme care or caution
glut
(v.) to provide more than is needed or wanted; to feed or fill to the point of overstuffing; (n.) an oversupply
incognito
(adj., adv.) in a disguised state, under an assumed name or identity; (n.) the state of being disguised; a person in disguise
invalidate
(v.) to make valueless, take away all force or effect
legendary
(adj.) described in well-known stories (legends) rather than in real life
maim
(v.) to cripple, disable, injure, mar, disfigure, mutilate
minimize
(v.) to make as small as possible, make the least of; to make smaller than before
oblique
(adj.) slanting or sloping; not straightforward or direct
veer
(v.) to change direction or course suddenly, turn aside, shift, swerve
venerate
(v.) to regard with reverence, look up to with great respect
wanton
(adj.) reckless; heartless, unjustifiable; loose in morals; (n.) a spoiled, pampered person; one with low morals
allot
(v.) to assign or distribute in shares or portions
amass
(v.) to bring together, collect, gather, especially for oneself; to come together, assemble
audacious
(adj.) bold, adventurous, recklessly daring
comply
(v.) to yield to a request or command
devoid
(adj.) not having or using, lacking
elite
(n.) the choice part of a group of people or things; (adj.) superior
grapple
(n.) an iron hook used to grab and hold; (v.) to come to grips with, wrestle or fight with
incapacitate
(v.) to deprive of strength or ability; to make legally ineligible
instigate
(v.) to urge on; to stir up, provoke, start, incite
longevity
(n.) long life, long duration, length of life
myriad
(adj.) in very great numbers; (n.) a very great number
perspective
(n.) a point of view or general standpoint from which different things are viewed, physically or mentally; the appearance to the eye of various objects at a given time, place, or distance
perturb
(v.) to trouble, make uneasy; to disturb greatly; to throw into confusion
prodigious
(adj.) immense; extraordinary in bulk, size, or degree
relevant
(adj.) connected with or related to the matter at hand
skittish
(adj.) extremely nervous and easily frightened; shy or timid; extremely cautious; unstable, undependable
tether
(n.) a rope or chain used to fasten something to a fixed object; the outer limit of strength or resources; (v.) to fasten with a rope or chain
unison
(v.) a sounding together; agreement or accord
vie
(v.) to compete; to strive for victory or superiority
willful
(adj.) stubbornly self-willed; done on purpose, deliberate
annul
(v.) to reduce to nothing; to make ineffective or inoperative; to declare legally invalid or void
blasé
(adj.) indifferent, bored as a result of having enjoyed many pleasures; apathetic
bolster
(v.) to support, give a boost to; (n.) a long pillow or cushion; a supporting post
deplore
(v.) to feel or express regret or disapproval
frivolous
(adj.) of little importance, not worthy of serious attention; not meant seriously
muster
(v.) to bring together for service or battle; to gather or summon; to amount to, comprise, include; (n.) a list of men for military service; a gathering, accumulation
nonentity
(n.) a person or thing of no importance
obsess
(v.) to trouble, haunt, or fill the mind
ornate
(adj.) elaborately decorated; showily splendid
oust
(v.) to remove, drive out of a position or place
peruse
(v.) to read thoroughly and carefully
porous
(adj.) full of tiny holes; able to be penetrated by air or water
promontory
(n.) a high point of land extending into water
prone
(adj.) lying face down; inclined, likely
qualm
(n.) a pang of conscience, uneasiness, misgiving, or doubt; a feeling of faintness or nausea
recourse
(n.) a person or thing turned to for help or advice; the act of seeking help or protection
residue
(n.) a remainder, that which remains when a part has been used up or removed
solicitous
(adj.) showing concern or care; fearful or anxious about someone or something
staid
(adj.) serious and dignified; quiet or subdued in character or conduct
sustain
(v.) to support, nourish, keep up; to suffer, undergo; to bear up under, withstand; to affirm the validity of
aghast
(adj.) filled with amazement, disgust, fear, or terror
ample
(adj.) more than enough, large, spacious
apparition
(n.) a ghost or ghostly figure; an unexplained or unusual appearance
assert
(v.) to declare or state as truth, maintain or defend, put forward forcefully
cower
(v.) to crouch or shrink away from in fear or shame
disdain
(v.) to look upon with scorn; to refuse scornfully; (n.) a feeling of contempt
epitaph
(n.) a brief statement written on a tomb or gravestone
ethical
(adj.) having to do with morals, values, right and wrong; in accordance with standards of right conduct; requiring a prescription for purchase
facetious
(adj.) humorous, not meant seriously
inaudible
(adj.) not able to be heard
indiscriminate
(adj.) without restraint or control; unselective
intrigue
(n.) crafty dealings, underhanded plotting; (v.) to form and carry out plots; to puzzle or excite the curiosity
jurisdiction
(n.) an area of authority or control; the right to administer justice
plausible
(adj.) appearing true, reasonable, or fair
plebeian
(adj.) common, vulgar; belonging to the lower class; (n.) a common person, member of the lower class
prodigal
(adj.) wastefully extravagant; lavishly or generously abundant; (n.) one who is wasteful and self-indulgent
proximity
(n.) nearness, closeness
pulverize
(v.) to ground or pound to a powder or dust; to destroy or overcome (as though by smashing into fragments)
sequel
(n.) that which follows, a result; a literary work or film continuing the story of one written or made earlier
volatile
(adj.) highly changeable, fickle; tending to become violent or explosive; changing readily from the liquid to the gaseous state
abashed
(adj., part.) embarrassed, ashamed, or nonplussed
aloof
(adj.) withdrawn, standing apart from others (usually as a matter of choice)
anguish
(n.) great mental suffering, distress, or pain; (v.) to be deeply tormented by pain or sorrow
articulate
(v.) to pronounce distinctly; to express well in words; to fit together into a system; (adj.) able to use language effectively; expressed clearly and forcefully
bask
(v.) to be in, or expose oneself to, pleasant warmth; to take pleasure in or derive enjoyment from
defect
(n.) an imperfection, flaw, or blemish of some kind; (v.) to desert a cause or organization
finesse
(n.) delicate skill; tact and cleverness; (v.) to accomplish something by cleverness, good judgment, or skillful evasion
flaunt
(v.) to wave or flutter showily; to display in a conceited, offensive way
forthright
(adj.) frank, direct, straightforward
genial
(adj.) cordial, pleasantly cheerful or warm
instill
(v.) to add gradually; to introduce or cause to be taken in
ostracize
(v.) to exclude from a group, banish, send away
premonition
(n.) forewarning or foreboding of a future event
pseudonym
(n.) a pen name, name assumed by a writer
purge
(v.) to wash away impurities, clean up; (n.) the process of getting rid of something or someone decisively
rehabilitate
(v.) to make over in good form; to restore to good condition or to a former position
repercussion
(n.) an effect or consequence of some action or event, result; an echo or reverberation
resolute
(adj.) bold, determined; firm
retentive
(adj.) able to hold, keep, or recall; retaining knowledge easily
scapegoat
(n.) a person or thing carrying the blame for others
acme
(n.) the highest point
attribute
(n.) a quality or characteristic belonging to or associated with someone or something; (v.) to assign to, credit with; to regard as caused by or resulting from
belittle
(v.) to make something appear smaller than it is; to refer to in a way that suggests lack of importance or value
convey
(v.) to transport; to transmit; to communicate, make known; to transfer ownership or title to
doctrine
(n.) a belief, principle, or teaching; a system of such beliefs or principles; a formulation of such beliefs or principles
excise
(v.) to remove by cutting; (n.) an indirect tax on the manufacture, sale, or distribution of a commodity or service
exotic
(adj.) foreign; charmingly unfamiliar or strikingly unusual
haggard
(adj.) thin, pale, and careworn as a result of worry or suffering; wild-looking
jaunty
(adj.) lively, easy, and carefree in manner; smart or trim in appearance
juncture
(n.) a joining together; the point at which two things are joined; any important point in time
menial
(adj.) lowly, humble, lacking importance or dignity; (n.) a person who does the humble and unpleasant tasks
parry
(v.) to ward of, fend off, deflect, evade, avoid; (n.) a defensive movement in fencing and other sports
predatory
(adj.) preying on, plundering, or piratical
ravage
(v.) to destroy, lay waste, ruin; (n.) ruinous damage, destruction
stance
(n.) a way of holding the body; an attitude or position on an issue
tawdry
(adj.) showy and flashy but lacking in good taste
turncoat
(n.) a person who switches to an opposing side or party
unassuming
(adj.) not putting on airs, unpretentious; modest
wallow
(v.) to roll about in a lazy, clumsy, or helpless way; to overindulge in; to have in abundance; (n.) a wet, muddy, or dusty area used by animals as a sort of bath; a state of moral or physical collapse
waver
(v.) to move to and fro, become unsteady; to show lack of firmness or decision
abut
(v.) to join at one end or be next to; to support, prop up
attire
(n.) clothes, apparel, garb; (v.) to dress, adorn, or bedeck
avail
(v.) to be of use or benefit to; to make use of; to take advantage of; to profit or benefit; (n.) use, benefit, or value
crony
(n.) a very close friend, pal, chum, buddy
cryptic
(adj.) puzzling, mystifying, or enigmatic
divergent
(adj.) going in different directions; different from each other; departing from conversation, deviant
enmity
(n.) hatred, ill-will
fervent
(adj.) very earnest, emotional, passionate; extremely hot
gaunt
(adj.) thin and bony, starved looking; bare, barren
infiltrate
(v.) to pass through or gain entrance to gradually or stealthily
nullify
(v.) to make of no value or consequence, cancel, wipe out
perceptible
(adj.) capable of being grasped by the sense or mind
plummet
(v.) to plunge straight down; (n.) a weight fastened to a line
proclaim
(v.) to declare publicly or officially
proxy
(n.) an agent, substitute; a written permission allowing one person to act in another's place
rankle
(v.) to cause anger, irritation, or bitterness (with the suggestion that the pain grows worse with time)
scavenger
(n.) a person who collects or removes usable items from waste materials; an animal that feeds on refuse or dead bodies
stint
(v.) to limit, be sparing or frugal; (n.) a limit or restriction; a fixed share of work or duty; a period of activity
stoical
(adj.) self-controlled; not showing feeling in response to pleasure or pain
unflagging
(v.) tireless, continuing with vigor
Mr. Andre
(proper n.) teacher who loves his 10th graders
mien
(n) a person's air or manner; appearance; expression
renown
(n) fame; honor
recluse
(adj) withdrawn from society
prodigy
(n) something wonderful or marvelous; something monstrous or abnormal; an unusual feat; a child or young person with extraordinary ability or talent
predominant
(adj) having dominating influence over others; major
impunity
(n) freedom from being harmed or punished
defile (v)
(v, trans) to make unclean or dirty, destroy the purity of;
(v, intrans) to march in a single line or in columns
dire
(adj) dreadful, causing fear or suffering; warning of trouble to come; demanding immediate action to avoid disaster
endow
(v) to provide with material goods, talents, or qualities; to bestow
fend
(v) to ward off or resist; to get along; manage
disgruntled
(adj) in a state of sulky dissatisfaction
disarming
(adj) endearing, charming, soothing, to rid feelings of unfriendliness
encroach
(v) to intrude; infringe
chafe
(v) to warm by rubbing; to wear sore by rubbing; to feel annoyance or dissatisfaction, annoy, irk; to strain or press against; (n) a sore or injury caused by rubbing
bludgeon
(n) A short club used as a weapon; (v) to strike with a heavy club; to use force or strong arguments to gain some point
capitulate
(v) to end resistance; give up; surrender; throw in the towel
awry
(adj) askew; amiss; off course
apt
(adj) fitting; suitable; likely
penal
(adj) having to do with punishment; correctional
pertinent
(adj) suitable; to the point; relevant
defile (n)
(n) a narrow passage; gorge; canyon
accord
(n.) agreement, harmony; (v.) to agree, be in harmony or bring into harmony; to grant, bestow on
barter
(n.) an exchange in trade; (v.) to exchange goods
curt
(adj.) short, rudely brief
devise
(v.) to think out, plan, figure out, invent, create
dexterous
(adj.) skillful in the use of hands or body; clever
engross
(v.) to occupy the complete attention, absorb fully
entail
(v.) to put a burden on, impose, require, involve; to restrict ownership of property by limiting inheritance; (n.) such a restriction
ferret
(n.) a kind of weasel; (v.) to search or hunt out; to torment, badger
habituate
(v.) to become used to; to cause to become used to
impending
(adj., part.) about to happen, hanging over in a menacing way
personable
(adj.) pleasing in appearance or personality, attractive
rue
(v.) to regret, be sorry for; (n.) a feeling of regret
scoff
(v.) to make fun of; to show contempt for
transition
(n.) a change from one state or condition to another
trepidation
(n.) fear, fright, trembling
upbraid
(v.) to blame, scold, find fault with
veritable
(adj.) actual, true, real
vex
(v.) to annoy, anger, exasperate; to confuse, battle
vitality
(n.) strength, energy, liveliness; the capacity to live and develop; the power to endure or survive
whimsical
(adj.) subject to odd ideas, notions, or fancies; playful, unpredictable
appease
(v.) to make calm, soothe; to relieve, satisfy; to yield to
belated
(adj.) late, tardy
calamitous
(adj.) causing great misfortune
cite
(v.) to quote; to mention; to summon to appear in court; to commend, recommend
conventional
(adj.) in line with accepted ideas or standards; trite
decoy
(v.) to lure into a trap; (n.) a person or thing used to lure into a trap
delve
(v.) to dig; to search deeply and thoroughly into
ensue
(v.) to follow in order, come immediately after and as a result
gallantry
(n.) heroic courage; respect and courtesy; an act or statement marked by a high level of courtesy
impart
(v.) to make known, tell; to give, pass something on
judicious
(adj.) using or showing good judgment, wise, sensible
mediate
(v.) to bring about an agreement between persons or groups, act as a go-between; (adj.) occupying a middle position; indirect, acting through an intermediary
milieu
(n.) the setting, surroundings, environment
outlandish
(adj.) strange, freakish, weird, foreign-looking; out-of-the-way, geographically remote; exceeding reasonable limits
overbearing
(adj.) domineering, haughty, bullying; overpowering, predominant
pert
(adj.) high-spirited; lively; bold, saucy; jaunty
quirk
(n.) a peculiar way of acting; a sudden twist or turn
regale
(v.) to feast, entertain agreeably
shiftless
(adj.) lazy, lacking in ambition and energy; inefficient
taint
(n.) a stain or spot; a mark of corruption or dishonor; (v.) to stain or contaminate
abdicate
(v.) to resign, formally give up an office or a duty; to disown, discard
bestow
(v.) to give as a gift; to provide with lodgings
capacious
(adj.) able to hold much, roomy
caustic
(adj.) able to burn or eat away by chemical action; biting, sarcastic
crusade
(n.) a strong movement to advance a cause or idea; (v.) to campaign, work vigorously
deface
(v.) to injure or destroy the surface or appearance of; to damage the value, influence, or effect of; to face down, outshine
embargo
(n.) an order forbidding the trade in or movement of commercial goods; any restraint or hindrance; (v.) to forbid to enter and leave port; to forbid trade with
fallacy
(n.) a false notion or belief; an error in thinking
levity
(n.) a lack of seriousness or earnestness, especially about things that should be treated with respect; buoyancy, lightness in weight
mendicant
(n.) beggar; (adj.) depending on begging for a living
nauseate
(v.) to make sick to the stomach; to fill with disgust
negate
(v.) to nullify, deny, bring to nothing
pivotal
(adj.) vitally important, essential
recipient
(n.) one who receives; (adj.) receiving; able or willing to receive
ruse
(n.) an action designed to confuse or mislead, a trick
teem
(v.) to become filled to overflowing; to be present in large quantities
tenet
(n.) an opinion, belief, or principle held to be true
tractable
(adj.) easily managed, easy to deal with; easily wrought, malleable
ungainly
(adj.) clumsy, awkward; unwieldy
voracious
(adj.) having a huge appetite, greedy, ravenous; excessively eager