Age of Augustus through the Rise of Christianity
Terms in this set (96)
He wanted to be called princeps instead of augustus when he began ruling Rome in 27 BC.
This word means chief citizen.
This word means most revered one.
Octavian took Rome from a Republic to this type of government - run by the Senate and the Princeps.
This word means the right to rule.
These words mean the most right to rule.
This book, written by Augustus, gave us a list of his accomplishments.
This was what the military helped spread throughout the Empire because of its common use of language and culture.
This is one group of fighting men for Rome. One group generally numbered 5,400 men.
This group of soldiers originally all came from Italy and would get their citizenship after serving 20 years.
This group of soldiers was mostly made up of foreigners (outside Italy) and they would get their citizenship after serving 24 years. Mostly foot soldiers with some cavalry.
This group of soldiers was hand-picked by the emperor and their primary job was guarding him. They also got citizenship after serving 16 years.
This is the Roman word for emperor. It wasn't really used by the rulers until Vespasian.
This type of province was ruled by legates and reported directly to the ruler.
This type of province was ruled by proconsuls and propraetors and reported still to the Senate.
People ruling foreign provinces didn't have much Rome support, so they set up these groups to help them run their area.
This was the site of a massacre of 3 Roman legions by Germans, led by an ex-Roman named Arminius.
The name of the Roman general who led 3 legions to their death in Germany in 9 AD.
1 million sestarces
This is how much your land had to be worth to be considered for a post in the Senate.
This is how much your land had to be worth to be considered to join the equestrians.
This is how much a Roman legionnaire could expect to be paid after one year of service.
This is how much an unskilled worker was normally paid for a day's work.
Senatorial, equestrian, lower class
The names of the three classes of citizens formed when Augustus came into power.
Augustus and Roma
The names of the two gods created by Augustus to be the male and female of the imperial cult.
This poet, patronized by Augustus, wrote Rome's national history epic to immortalize his ruler's link to the gods.
This writer liked to laugh at human weakness and wrote a work called Satires.
This poet wrote love poems that were considered scandalous by Augustus and eventually got him exiled from Rome.
This writer wrote a history of Rome in 142 books - though only 35 survived.
The Art of Love
This work by Ovid tells a boy how to get a girl, including being sure he doesn't have any hair growing out of his nostrils.
Make haste slowly
This was considered one of Augustus' favorite sayings and showed his traditional values.
First Julio-Claudian ruler. He tried to work with the Senate.
A Julio-Claudian ruler who was extremely erratic - even to the point of wanting to be called a god. his own praetorian guard killed him.
The third Julio-Claudian ruler who had a physical deformity. He was actually a decent leader and responsible for the annexation of Britain.
Another crazy Julio-Claudian ruler who killed his own mother, then later killed himself. He was dedicated, in the end, to nothing but his art.
This man was first Flavian ruler. He was also the first to be from outside Rome.
This man was first of the five good emperors. He had no sons so adopted Trajan so there would be a new leader.
Second "good" emperor - he was born in Spain and annexed Romania (Dacia), Mesopotamia and the Sinai.
This "good" emperor spent lots of his time on military matters - and built an 80 mile wall as a defense against barbarians in northern Britain and the Pantheon in honor of all the gods in Rome.
This "good" emperor stayed more in Rome and was considered sweet and serene.
The last of the "good" emperors, this man was considered a philosopher-king and a follower of the Stoics.
This emperor gave every free inhabitant of the Roman Empire citizenship in 212 AD.
This is the language of most of the western Roman Empire.
This is the language of most of the eastern Roman Empire.
The job title for men who helped classify and compile basic legal principles.
This famous jurist taught that all men are created equal under the law, all men are innocent until proven guilty and a man should be able to defend himself to a judge.
Early roads were built throughout the Empire for this purpose (or group of people).
Roman roads were used in more settled areas for this enterprise.
The Silk Road
One of the most famous roads of its day, this ran from Luoyang in China to the Euphrates River in the Roman Empire.
Even thought trade increased, this was still the number one occupation for most people in the Roman Empire.
The Roman word for a large, landed estate.
The Roman word for free tenant farmers.
Large, two handled pottery jars with pointy bottoms that were used to transport goods across long distances (often by water).
A "silver age" writer who tutored Nero, this man was a staunch Stoic who lived hypocritcally while amassing a fortune.
This great historian of the "silver age" believed that history needed to record events accurately. One of his works is Germania.
Often considered the best poet of the "silver age", this man used his poems to attack his own society, while offering no solutions for the problems he chronicled.
Arch, vault, dome
Name three architectural features the Romans brought to building because of their love for curvilinear forms.
This is how many miles of Roman road were built during the Roman Empire.
This word is often used to describe the city of Rome and means being sophisticated and of the world at large.
This is the word for a poor, Roman apartment block which could be up to six stories high in the city.
Built by the Romans, these large water channels fed water, sometimes for more than 30 miles, into the cities. Many are still standing, including the Pont du Gard in France.
This is the name of the massive temple in Rome built to honor every god. It has a huge dome and hole in the center of the roof to let in light.
This is how many sacks of grain it took a year to feed about 200,000 people for free in Rome.
This is the place you would go in Rome to see horse and chariot races for entertainment.
The Colosseum was considered one of these types of structures, designed to show gladiatorial contests or amazing naval battle recreations.
This event center was inaugurated in 80 AD by the emperor Titus and showed all sorts of spectacles and games for the Roman public.
This volcano erupted in 79 AD, sending tons of lava and ash into the sky.
This city was obliterated by a volcano eruption in 79 AD. Toxic fumes killed many people and the whole town was buried in ash.
This man became a famous as a physician for the gladiators and then to the emperor Marcus Aurelius. He was also a Greek.
This man was a famous surgeon during the Flavian age who specialized in bone diseases.
Owning slaves was so popular that it took many jobs from the lower classes, creating a large amount of this problem.
This is the killing of children by their parents.
This man followed Marcus Aurelius as emperor and broke the line of adopted sons, but he was not a good leader. He was eventually assassinated.
This emperor was born in North Africa and advised his sons to "live in harmony and make the soldiers rich".
Severus changed the constitutional monarchy to this type of government by emphasizing the importance of the military.
This group of people started fighting against Rome and eventually captured the emperor Valerian and killed him.
This group of people began to take the Balkans, parts of Greece and Asia Minor from the Romans before their downfall.
This group of people took back parts of Gaul and Spain from the Romans before their downfall.
The name of one of the mystery religious cults that grew around the worship of the Great Mother during the latter part of the Roman Empire.
The name of another mystery cult whose supreme god was the god of light and was also called Zoroastrianism. Only men could join the Roman version.
The Jewish group of leaders who favored strick Hebrew law.
The Jewish group that were committed to Jewish ritual and were non-violent about getting rid of Roman rule.
The Jewish group that lived near the Dead Sea and were waiting for a Messiah to establish peace on earth.
The Jewish group that were radical militants who wanted to violently overthrow Roman rule. To them, Jesus was a disappointment.
Sermon on the Mount
In this speech, Jesus laid out his ideas for ethical actions - humility, charity and brotherly love.
This Roman procurator eventually ordered the cruxifiction of Jesus.
Paul of Tarsus
This follower of Jesus is considered the "second founder of Christianity" but he reached out to non-Jews and was a Roman citizen.
This is the word we use to group the first four books of the New Testament.
This is considered the sacrament that commemorates the Lord's Supper or Jesus' Last Supper.
The name for elders in the early Christian church.
The name for people believed to be descended from the original Apostles who oversaw the work of the elders in the early Christian church.
Nero used the Christians to become this for him after the fires that nearly destroyed Rome. He put the blame on them - claiming they were arsonists and hated other humans.
One who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty for refusing to renounce their religion.
This 86 year old man, bishop of Smyrna, would not renounce Christ and was burned at the stake in Asia.
This belief thought that reason could connect the invisible, spiritual world with the concrete world. It was used by some in the early Christian church to explain complex theological concepts.
The simple Christian initiation rite into the church involving water.
One of the first Christian women martyrs on record, she was killed by wild animals in an arena in Carthage in 203 AD.
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