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US Articles I ans II
Terms in this set (32)
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
powers given to the federal government
Powers reserved to state governments
powers excersised by both the federal and state governments
Separation of Powers
refers to the power sharing agreement between the 3 branches of government; all equal in power (CHECKS AND BALANCES)
checks and balances, separation of powers include:
President can VETO an act of Congress, Congress can override a VETO with 2/3 vote of each house, The President can negotiate with a foreign government/the Senate must approve a treaty
traditions that have become part of the government process that are not mentioned in the Constitution; political parties, congressional comittees, lobbying, judicial review, presidents cabinet
Elastic/Necessary and Proper Clause
allows for change in the government over time to adapt to more modern policies
takes place every 10 years to count the population, Representatives are reapportioned based upon the change in population
What is the viewpoint of the framers of the US Constitution by the use of the electoral college to select the president?
They distrust the average citizen's judgement
What is the criticisms of the Electoral College?
Winner of popular vote may not become President
What was the outcome of the Watergate affair during the administration of President Richard Nixon?
Respect for the office of the President was declined; Nixon resigned; pardoned by Ford
The goal of the War and Powers Act of 1973 (Vietnam War was happening) was...
limit the President's power to use military force without congressional approval
The President is Commander in Chief of Armed Forces but must as Congress to...
The primary aim of the writers of the US Consitituion was to
strengthen the power of the central (federal) government
The power of the president to veto laws and the power of the HP to impeach are examples of..
Checks and Balances
Examples of Checks and Balances
Senate approves treaties negotiated by President, Senate approves Presidential appointments, The impeachment process
Which group is directly elected by the people?
members of the House of Representatives b/c they have the smallest constituancy, 2 year terms
What is the principle of federalism?
Power is divided between the national government and state governments
The judicial branch of government can check the legislative branch of government by...
declaring laws unconstitutional
the Presidents cabinet is a part of...
the Unwritten Constitution
Which charges led to Bill Clintons impeachment?
perjurt and obstruction of justice
what 3 presidents were impeached
Johnson, Clinton, Trump- none were convicted
federalism, separation of powers, and checks and balances are constitutional principles that directly...
reduce the concentration of governmental power
The US Constitution provides that federal judges be appointed for life primarily to...
protect judicial decision making from the influence of political pressure
The Supreme Court can influence actions of the other two branches of the federal government by
excercising judical review
(ex of checks and balances)
The elections of Rutherford B Hayes and George W Bush were similar in that..
the winner of the electoral vote failed to win popular vote (Election of 2000 was settled by Supreme Court)
Critics of the electoal college system point out that it..
might not select the candidate with the largest number of popular votes (270 votes to win)
At the Constitutional Convention, the delagates agreed that Congress should have the power to...
levy and collect taxes
In the US differences between Senate and HR versions of a bill are usually resolved by accepting a version that is...
agreed by joint conference comittee of both houses
The Great Compromise
agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation (NJ Plan/Virginia Plan)
What makes up Congress?
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