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Pre AP English 10 Quarter 4 Poetry Terms

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alliteration
the repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants or consonant clusters at the beginning of words
allusion
a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that a writer expects the reader to recognize and respond to
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which an absent or a dead person, an abstract quality, or something non-human is addressed directly
assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds within non-rhyming words
blank verse
verse written in unrhymed iambia pentameter
caesura
a break or pause in a line of poetry
conceit
a kind of developed metaphor that makes a comparison between two startlingly different things
connotation
all the emotions and associations that a word or phrase may arouse
consonance
the repetition of similar consonant sounds in a group of words
couplet
any two consecutive lines that rhyme
denotation
the literal or dictionary meaning of a word
diction
a writers choice of words, particularly for clarity, effectiveness, and precision
elegy
a poem of mourning, usually over the death of an individual
end rhyme
rhymes that occur at the ends of lines
epic
a long narrative poem telling about the deeds of a great hero and reflecting the values of the society from which it originated
free verse
verse that has either no metrical pattern or an irregular pattern
iambic pentameter
a rhythm pattern of five metric feet of light, then heavy beats
imagery
words or phrases that appeal to the senses and create pictures or images in the reader's mind
irony
a contrast or an incongruity between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what really happens
lyric poem
a poem, usually short, that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings (includes elegy, ode and sonnet)
metaphor
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically dissimilar
meter
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; measure of the rhythm of a poetic line
metonymy
a figure of speech in which something very closely associated with a things is used to stand for or suggest the thing itself
motif
a recurring feature such as a name, an image or a phrase in a work of literature
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
ode
a complex and often lengthy lyric poem, written in a dignified formal style on some lofty or serious subject
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning
pastoral
a type of poem that deals in an idealized way with shepherds and rustic life
personification
a figure of speech in which something nonhuman is given human qualities
quatrain
stanza or poem with four lines
refrain
a word, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza
repetition
repeated words or phrases
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes in a poem
rhythm
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables into a pattern
scansion
analysis of literature in terms of meter
sestet
six-line stanza
simile
comparison made between two things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as like or as
sonnet
fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in iambic pentameter
speaker
persona or person speaking in the poem
stanza
verse of a poem
synecdoche
a figure of speech that substitutes a part for the whole
theme
the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express in a literary work
tone
attitude demonstrated by the writer toward his or her subject
allegory
the story represents something else; there is a literal level plus a symbolic level
enjambment
the sentence within the poetry extends through one line and continues in the next line or lines