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the repetition of similar sounds, usually consonants or consonant clusters at the beginning of words
a reference to a person, a place, an event, or a literary work that a writer expects the reader to recognize and respond to
a figure of speech in which an absent or a dead person, an abstract quality, or something non-human is addressed directly
a kind of developed metaphor that makes a comparison between two startlingly different things
a long narrative poem telling about the deeds of a great hero and reflecting the values of the society from which it originated
words or phrases that appeal to the senses and create pictures or images in the reader's mind
a contrast or an incongruity between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what really happens
a poem, usually short, that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings (includes elegy, ode and sonnet)
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically dissimilar
a generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry; measure of the rhythm of a poetic line
a figure of speech in which something very closely associated with a things is used to stand for or suggest the thing itself
a complex and often lengthy lyric poem, written in a dignified formal style on some lofty or serious subject
a word, phrase, line, or group of lines repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza
comparison made between two things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as like or as
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