IST 302 Midterm
Terms in this set (46)
Using a system approach is critical to successful project management?
Project work is most successful in an organization culture where activities are organized around individuals
The first phase of the traditional project is called the implementation phase
It is much cheaper to make major changes to a project during the later phases
Team members of a local team are always the same nationality
The ___ perspective of an organization focuses on different group roles and responsibilities in order to meet the goals and policies set by top management
An organization's acquisition of goods and services from and outside source
____ refers to a set of shared assumptions, values, and behaviors that characterize the functions of an organization
A product or service such as a technical report, a training session, a piece of hardware, or a segment of software code, produced or provided as part of a product
___ are an example of external stakeholders for an organization
The executing process group generally requires the most resources
The output of the Stakeholder Management is a Stakeholder Register
The ideal outcome of the ____ process group is to complete a project successfully by delivering the agreed-upon project scope within time, cost and quality constraints
Monitoring and Controlling
The ____ is a very important tool in project management because it provides the basis for deciding how to do the work
Work Breakdown Structure
What phase is the project charter developed?
Project teams often revise plans during each phase of the project life cycle
____ uses several iterations or deliveries of software instead of waiting until the end of the project to provide a product.
Interface management involves identifying and managing the points of interaction between various elements of a project
Opportunities and directives are essentially the same thing.
A project charter is a document that formally recognizes the existence of a project and provides direction on the project's objectives and management. It authorizes the project manager to use organizational resources to complete the project
Change requests are always made in writing
Directives are new requirements imposed by management, government, or some external influence
Benefits minus cost is known as ___
Corrective actions should result in improvements in project performance
Preventive actions reduce the probability of negative consequences associated with project risks
___ involves identifying and controlling the functional and physical design characteristics of products and their support documentation, and ensures that the descriptions of the project's products are correct and complete.
Developing a project charter involves working with stakeholders to formally authorize a project charter.
Developing the project management plan involves coordinating all planning efforts to create a consistent, coherent document project management plan
The outputs of a project management plan involve deliverables, work performance information, change requests, project management plan updates and project document updates
Many IT projects DO NOT require detailed functional and design specifications for developing software which also should be referenced in the detailed scope statement
A work package is a task at the lowest level of the WBS. It represents the level of work that the project manager monitors and controls
Many organizations provide different guidelines and templates for developing WBS
How many times should a unit of work appear in a WBS
Prototyping refers to all the work involved in creating the products of the project and the processes used to create them
Scope refers to the process of developing a working replica of the system or some aspect of the system
Start to finish relationships are not the most frequently used dependencies between activities
In project management, the primary output of defining activities is a schedule management plan
One of PERT's main disadvantage is that it does not address the risk associated with duration estimates
The critical path on a project can change as the project progreses
The critical path is the ____ path through a network diagram, and it represents the ___ amount of slack or float
Which of the following is a relationship in which the "from" activity cannot start until the "to" activity is started
After working with key stakeholders to define activities and calculate their resources, the next process in project time management is to:
Estimate the duration of acitivites
The formulas for variances and indexes start with EV. What does EV Stand for?
What is a good tool for estimating and recording budgets?
Cost Variance is the earned value minus the actual cost
Determining the budget involves allocating the project cost estimate to individual work items over time
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