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NC BLET Controlled Substances
Terms in this set (78)
In 2014 the highest number of arrests in the US were for-
Drug Abuse Violations
Drug Classification-Categories (7)
-Narcotics or Opioids (Opiates)
Narcotics or Opioids (Opiates)- Definition
Class of drugs that affect the Central Nervous System and can produce a sleep like state and reduce pain and inflammation. Are used in the practice of medicine but heavily abused on the street.
Examples-Heroin, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Dilaudid, Demerol.
Opiates Vs Opioids
Opiates-Natural pain remedy derived from the alkaloid of the opium poppy.
Opioids-Synthetic or semi-synthetic drugs manufactured to have similarities to opiates.
Affect the Central Nervous System, but unlike narcotic drugs______________________create a feeling of excitement, greater energy, and alertness.
Examples-Cocaine (Most common), Methamphetamines, amphetamines, including ones used to treat ADHD and medical disorders.
Drugs that inhibit the function of the Central Nervous System, and are among the most widely used drugs in the world. Work by affecting neurons in the CNS, which leads to symptoms like drowsiness, relaxation, decreased inhibition, anesthesia, sleep, coma, and even death.
Examples-Xanax, Valium, Barbiturates.
Drugs that can alter perception and have the ability to induce intense, emotional feelings and cause hallucinations. Can either be man made or naturally occurring in various plants or mushrooms.
Examples-LSD, PCP, Psilocybin Mushrooms, Mescaline or Peyote, salvia, ketamine, and ecstasy.
Often include products that are easily purchased at a store or found in a home.
-Solvents-Liquids that become gas at room temperature.
-Aerosol Sprays-The inhalants that are discharged from pressurized containers, such as hair sprays, deodorants, spray paint, and vegetable oil sprays.
-Nitrates-Can include common household products or can be prescribed for use in treating ailments such as chest pain.
"The dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant, Cannabis Sativa"
Cannabis plants produce psychoactive ingredients called cannabinoids whose main ingredient is Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC) or Delta 9.
Newest group of abused substances includes synthetic and, man-made, cannabinoids (bath salts), and synthetic Cathinones, and stimulants.
Examples-"K2", "Spice", "Kush", "GI Jane", "Kryptonite".
North Carolina Controlled Substances Schedule-
The NC Controlled Substances Act added to domestic drug control efforts by creating categories for dangerous drugs. Drugs are rated and placed into "Schedules" or groups, depending on the level of danger, risk of addiction, and medical uses for each particular substance.
Schedule I Controlled Substances
-High Potential for abuse
-No currently accepted medical use.
-Lack of accepted safety for use in treatment under medical supervision.
Examples-Heroin, LSD, MDMA, Mephedrone.
Schedule II Controlled Substances
-High Potential for abuse
-Currently accepted medical use in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.
-Abuse may lead to severe psychic or physical dependence.
Examples-Opium, Cocaine, Methamphetamine, Ritalin, Dilaudid, Morphine, Oxycodone.
Schedule III Controlled Substances
-Potential for Abuse but less so than Schedules I and II.
-Currently accepted medical use in the United States.
-Moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.
Examples-Hydrocodone, Ketamine, Anabolic Steroids.
Schedule IV Controlled Substances
-Low potential for abuse relative to those drugs listed in Schedule III.
-Currently accepted medical use in the United States.
-Limited Physical or Psychological dependence.
Examples-Diazepam(Valium), Phentermine, Alprazolam(Xanax).
Schedule V Controlled Substances
-Low Potential for abuse relative to substances listed in Schedule IV.
-Currently accepted medical use in the United States; and limited physical or psychological dependence.
-Low potential for abuse relative to substances listed in Schedule IV and consists primarily of preparations containing limited quantities of certain narcotics.
Example-Cough Syrup with Codeine
Schedule VI Controlled Substances
-No currently accepted medical use in the United States, or
-Relative low potential for abuse in terms of risk to public health and potential to produce psychic or physical dependence, or
-A need for further and continuing study to develop evidence of the effects of the drugs.
Examples-Marijuana and Tetrahydrocannabinol.
Counterfeit Controlled Substance
Something represented to be a controlled substance which is not. for purpose of distribution. Class I Felony
Signs and Symptoms-Cocaine
-Rapidity of speech(Low Dose)
-Slowing of speech(High dose)
-Agitated appearance, extreme mood, mental alertness and appearance of high energy.
-Sedated appearance(high dose)
-High pulse, raised body temperature and blood pressure.
-Nasal passages may have Cocaine residue inside.
Signs and Symptoms-Inhalants
-May be residue of substance on face, hands, and mouth.
-Nausea, confusion, euphoria, dizziness, drowsiness.
-Slurred speech, lightheadedness
-Bloodshot, watery eyes
-Lack of coordination
Signs and Symptoms-Cannabis
-Redness of eyes
-Odor of marijuana
-Altered sense of time, changes in mood, impaired body movement, impaired memory.
-Body and eyelid tremors.
Signs and Symptoms-Narcotics/Opiates/Opioids
-Itching or flushed skin.
-Confused or poor judgement, scratching
-Needle marks if using injectable heroin
Signs and Symptoms-Depressants
-Slurred, thick speech.
-Drowsiness, lack of coordination.
The most commonly used drug in the United States-
Controlled Prescription Drug
_______people die every day in the US from overdosing on prescription painkillers.
Fentynal is a Schedule II synthetic opioid originally developed to be used as a painkiller. It can be lethal in doses as small as_______________________________.
A synthetic drug that does not occur naturally and is manufactured using available chemicals and precursors.
MDMA(Molly or Ecstasy)
Synthetic Schedule I Drug that acts simultaneously as a stimulant and a hallucinogen.
A unique, controlled release form of Oxycodone, fits the profile of opioids.
Synthetic Cathinones, mephedrone, MDPV, and similar compounds
Commonly referred to as "Bath Salts" these substances are synthetic chemicals that are manufactured overseas and sold throughout the world online and in tobacco stores. These substances are psychoactive, which generally come in a white to off-white powder form and are marketed as plant food, bath salts, "bug killer", and scouring powder.
Side effects may include- Agitation, hallucination, anxiety, paranoia, nausea, insomnia, and suicidal thoughts.
Many of these Substances are Schedule I Controlled Substances.
Incident to arrest, a person and the _______________________area within their vehicle may be searched.
Once a subject is secured, a search of a motor vehicle requires the officer to have-
Contraband can be concealed_____________________________in a vehicle.
An objective and particularized basis and are supported by articulable facts for suspecting an individuals involvement in a crime.
Requires articulable facts that would induce a reasonably intelligent person to believe that an individual in the vehicle is subject to arrest for criminal activity.
North Carolina Unauthorized Substances Tax
Is designed to collect taxes for specific threshold quantities of controlled substances.
Threshold amount for the purposes of NC Tax-
-More than 42.5 grams of Marijuana.
-7 or more grams of any other controlled substance.
The law governing Limited Immunity applies to-
-Gives their real name.
-Reasonably believes they are the first to contact 911 for EMS or Police assistance.
Limited Immunity for OD victims who call for assistance and underage individuals consuming alcohol.
"All equipment, products, and materials of any kind that are used to facilitate, or intended or designed to facilitate, violations of the Controlled Substances Act, including planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, and concealing controlled substances and injecting, ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing controlled substances into the human body."
If a person alerts a law enforcement officer that they are in possession of needles, or sharp objects, prior to the search, they may not be charged with the object or any controlled subject contained within.
This does not include any other drug paraphernalia found during the search.
Drug Evidence is submitted to the....
North Carolina State Crime Laboratory
Maintained by the SBI
Methamphetamine-Cycle of Abuse
-93% of those in traditional treatment return to abuse methamphetamine.
Types of Clandestine Labs-
-Small Scale Labs "Mom and Pop" "Beavis and Butthead"
Five Prominent Methamphetamine Production Methods
-Hydriodic Acid/ Red Phosphorous-Main method used among super labs and the Mexican lab operation.
-Iodine/ Red Phosphorous
-Iodine/ Hypophosphorous Acid
-Birch Reduction/ Nazi Method-
-One Pot/Shake and Bake Method-Easiest and fastest way of production , used in 95% of meth labs.
One of the most critical ingredients in Methamphetamine-
National Precursor Log Exchange
database "stop sale" system, will not allow purchaser to go over legal limits set by law for purchase of medications containing Pseudoephedrine or ephedrine.
Clandestine Lab Equipment-
-Chemistry equipment and beakers, flasks, and funnels.
-Containers (Pyrex, tupperware, mason jars)
-White powder residue
-Large storage containers
Meth users can be-
If a Meth Lab is discovered safety should be first priority, both public safety and responder safety. A responder should_______________________________and notify the correct teams to take care of the lab. Let TC know where you are.
Step back and Get out
The _______________must be notified any time a meth lab is discovered.
When on scene of a meth lab do not-
-Touch or inhale anything
-Turn burners off/on
-Eat, drink, or smoke
Flood with water
Remove contaminated clothing
Flood with water again
Emergency First Aid Meth Lab
Assure fresh air and maintain airways
First Aid Meth Lab Ingestion
If conscious rinse mouth immediately
If unconscious prevent aspiration
First Aid Meth Lab Skin Exposure
Remove all clothing
Flood with water
Law Enforcement- SBI (mandatory), DEA
Fire and Hazmat
Environmental and Public Health
Types of Informants-
Informant Motivating Factors-Nine most common
-Revenge and Jealousy
-Perverse/ Double Agent
-Reformer or Repentance
-"James Bond Syndrome"
Never make_______________________to the informant that you cannot keep.
Inducing a person to commit a crime that they otherwise would not do. However, merely inviting a person to engage in an illegal act, or providing the opportunity to do so, is not entrapment.
Types of Surveillance-
-Open Surveillance(Overt Surveillance)-Security cameras, etc.
-Covert Surveillance(Undercover agent trailing a suspect, etc.)
Surveillance can be-
Preparation for working a surveillance operation-
Initial Scene control Meth Lab
Remove people from immediate area, minimum of 50ft
Withdraw to a safe distance
Do not place person in your vehicle, contamination
Response to one pot meth labs
Bottles can easily burst and cause explosion or release of poisonous gases
Chemicals can be toxic and fire hazard after being dumped
Always wear PPE
Don't touch or move any bottles or containers
Be cautious when interacting with individuals because they are usually users and have diseases.
Limited Immunity for Samaritan/Overdose
A person shall not be prosecuted if
1. sought medical assistance by contacting 911 system
2. person acted in good faith, believing he/she was first to call
3. person provided his/her name to 911 system or LEO
4. Person did not seek medical assistance during execution of an arrest warrant, search warrant, or other lawful search.
5. Evidence for prosecution was obtained as a result of the person seeking medical assitance
Improvised Lab Equipmemt
jars, jugs, pots, utensils, coffee filters, basters, buckets, plates, skillets, cookers, pans, cookware, coolers, tanks, fire extinguishers, gas cans, soda bottles.
Standard Lab Equipment
flasks, columns, funnels, mantles, rheostats, vacuum pumps, pH paper, gram scales, plastic tubing
OTC Meth Lab Equipment
Hydriodic acid/iodine tincture
crushed ephedrine or pseudoephedrine
solvent (acetone, ether, brake cleaner, coleman fuel, paint thinner)
lithium battery strips/sodium metal
Rules for working with Informants
Fair probability that informant's information is correct (corroboration)
2. Never make promises you can't keep
3. When possible, have a second officer present
4. Avoid entrapment
5. Protect informant's identity
conducted without any attempt to conceal. Officer wants the target to know they're being watched.
Conducted with less regard to the fact the target is aware of the officer. The primary objective is to maintain the target within a range of observation
conducted so that the target does not become aware they are being observed. Concealment is the main consideration.
Follow Up Investigation
1. Follow-up contact with principles of the case
review of crime analysis info
efforts to develop informants
determining involvement of suspects in other crimes
checking suspects' criminal history
2. Review all existing information (reports, sketches, photos, evidence, lab tests)
3. Identify the suspect (establish a crime was committed, and establish the defendant's involvement)
Sources of Information
Other Law Enforcement Personnel
Other criminal justice agencies
Public Service Agencies
Private Sector Resources
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