8th Grade History Chapter 12 Section 1

organized attempts to improve conditions of life
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What was the goal of the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening's goal was to encourage people to reform their lives.an organized effort to end alcohol abuse and the problems created by ittemperance movementa total ban on the sale and consumption of alcoholprohibitionHow did Dorothea Dix contribute to social reform?Dorothea Dix worked tirelessly visiting prisons and mental institutions and reported to state legislatures about what she saw, asking them to make reformsfree schools supported by taxespublic schoolsWho was Horace Mann, and what did he accomplishHorace Mann was an education reformer who helped Massachusetts improve its public schools.How did public education improve in the mid-1800s?Public school systems and teacher colleges were established; African Americans were admitted to some schools and colleges.belief that God decides the fate of a person's soul even before birthpredestinationpeople's actions determined their salvationdoctrine of free willHow might the doctrine of free will promote democracy?If people believe that salvation comes from their own acts, they might pay more attention to their duties to others.Which reforms did Horace Mann convince the state of Massachusetts to make?create teacher colleges, increase teacher salaries, lengthen the school yearAccording to Mann, why is it important for a democracy to have educated citizens?Educated citizens participate in government and keep democracy aliveWhat did the temperance movement seek?The temperance movement tried to stop alcohol abuse.What was the goal of social reform in the 1830's?The goal of social reform in the 1830s was to improve society.What is a religious revival?A revival is a large religious meeting.Why were reformers such as Mann interested in expanding public education?They believed it would make Americans better citizens.What do you think early public schools were like?Children of all grades went to school in the same classroom.What was discipline like in early classrooms?Discipline was strict. Students were often punished or rewarded based on how well they learned theirHow is this different from modern schools?Students were often punished or rewarded based on how well they learned their lessons.Why do you think textbooks in the 1800s taught moral lessons as well as the "three Rs"?Learning about character and values, as well as to read and write, was seen as an important part of becoming a good citizen.He worked hard to reform public schoolHorace MannWhy did Horace Mann believe that reforming the educational system was important to the future of the United States?Horace Mann believed that, for democracy to survive, people needed to be active citizens and that they needed to be educated in order to become active citizensq