AMH 2020 exam 3

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What factors contributed to the economic and population growth of the 1950s, and how did they contribute to suburbanization and the growth in the Sun Belt? (Ch. 25)
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Terms in this set (53)
Economic: GNP soared 250% and per capita income increased. People bought more commercial products (TV, radios) Population: Baby boom (Marriage rate lower) Culture of the time was for larger families.The economy and baby boom encouraged people to move out of cities which meant they could have their own land. Congress gave a big boost to the development of the suburbs. Levitt received a lot from the public for suburban growth.
In early August 1964, two U.S. destroyers stationed in the Gulf of Tonkin in Vietnam radioed that they had been fired upon by North Vietnamese forces. In response to these reported incidents, President Lyndon B. Johnson requested permission from the U.S. Congress to increase the U.S. military presence in Indochina.
computerization transformed other technologies, including televisions, phones, VCRs, CD players, fax machines, cell phones, and iPods, as well as control of air traffic and traffic lights.
Computers also became an important force in consumer culture, popular culture, and socialization,
Department of Defense fueled the development of interconnected computer systems to link military communications in the event of a Soviet attack; by 1991 the World Wide Web offered ordinary Americans the opportunity to share documents, access Web pages, search for information, find academic materials, and contribute to political campaigns. Around a quarter of the world's population was online by 2010.
"Beat Generation"literary movement started by a group of authors whose work explored and influenced American culture and politics in the post-war eraWestern fears of communismred scare brought communism fears1950's Television view of the middle classthey always showed the ideal American family but rarely a realistic one.Brown v. Board of Education (1954)the Supreme Court ruled that separating children in public schools on the basis of race was unconstitutional. It signaled the end of legalized racial segregation in the schools of the United States, overruling the "separate but equal" principle set forth in the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson case.Korean War represent a contest between...North Korea and South KoreaMontgomery Bus BoycottIn 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus, Dr. Martin L. King led a boycott of city busses. After 11 months the Supreme Court ruled that segregation of public transportation was illegal.SNCC and CORE...who were the members and whyStudent Nonviolent Coordinating Committee: this organization, young members sought to challenge segregation in the south and form interracial communities based on economic equality and political democracy. The Congress for Racial Equality: Bayard Rustin founded this interracial organization pioneered nonviolent direct action protest against racial bias.Voters concern with John F. Kennedy's religionhe was the first catholic presidentCivil Rights Act of 1965also known as the Voting Rights Act gave federal protection to black voters which allowed many more to vote and participate in the government.Civil Rights Act of 1964prohibited discrimination in public accommodations; education and employmentLyndon B. Johnsonsigned the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.Martin Luther King, Jr.U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)Great SocietyPresident Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.Miranda v. ArizonaSupreme Court held that criminal suspects must be informed of their right to consult with an attorney and of their right against self-incrimination prior to questioning by police.NOWNational Organization for Women which was founded in 1966, NOW wanted equal opportunity and filed against gender discrimination and mobilized public opinion against the sexism in AmericaStonewall Riots- New York city - Triggered activist protests among gays and lesbians - police raided gay bar - people fought back - became symbol of oppression of gays, began the gay pride movementPort Huron StatementManifesto of the Students for a Democratic Society, which criticized the federal government for racial inequality, poverty, and also the Cold War and international peace.SDSStudents for a Democratic Society-an antiestablishment New Left group, founded in 1960, this group charged that corporations and large government institutions had taken over America; they called for a restoration of "participatory democracy" and greater individual freedomTet1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentimentWatergateThe events and scandal surrounding a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.Nixon's resignationFollowing the court order to release the tapes Nixon resigned to avoid a Senate trial.Who pardoned Nixon and whyPresident Gerald Ford felt he was having to spend to much time dealing with the aftermath of Watergate and he did not have the time to do his job as President. He issued the pardon to end the issue."Silent Spring"Rachel Carsons book in 1962, renewed awareness of conservation and cleaning up and preserving the environment.EPAan independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environmentStagflationa period of slow economic growth and high unemployment (stagnation) while prices rise (inflation)President Jimmy Carter's foreign policy focused on?to negotiate with the soviets over arms reduction while at the same time challenging them to do more to protect human rights.Why did Iran take Americans Hostage?President Jimmy Carter's decision to allow Iran's deposed Shah, a pro-Western autocrat who had been expelled from his country some months before, to come to the United States for cancer treatment.The U.S. and the Panama CanalColombia didn't cooperate; we supported rebellion and made a treaty with the new Panama governmentPresident Ronald Reagan's tax policies and the reasoning behind them. "Reaganomics"Ronald Regans economic policies based on the theories of supply side economists and centered on tax cuts and cuts due to domestic programs.U.S. response to Iraq invading Kuwait in August 1990By annexing Kuwait, Iraq gained control of 20 percent of the world's oil reserves and, for the first time, a substantial coastline on the Persian Gulf. The same day, the United Nations Security Council unanimously denounced the invasion and demanded Iraq's immediate withdrawal from Kuwait."evil empire"the USSR. (union of soviet socialist republics)"trickle down" theory of economics promoted by Pres. Reaganthe theory that businesses and rich people should have reduced taxes to stimulate investment and let the wealth trickle down in the long term. however it only widened the gap between rich and poor.globalizationthe process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.Bill Clinton's presidential campaign focused on what issues facing the U.S.the condition of the economyThe Cold War/Berlin Wallcold war: A "war" between the Soviet Union and United States following WWII where no shots were fired. Both sides looked to develop and advance faster and further than the other. Berlin wall: A Wall build by East Germany (Soviet Union) to divide the city of Berlin into a east and west side controlled by the Soviet Union (east) and United States (west)."welfare reform"Welfare reforms are changes in the operation of a given welfare system, with the goals of reducing the number of individuals dependent on government assistance, keeping the welfare systems affordable, and assisting recipients to become self-sufficient.Roe v. Wade(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacyPurpose of affirmative actionpurpose is to increase the hiring pool from all groups of applicants in jobs and the possible students for higher learning institutes It includes laws and policies that do not discriminate against other in the workplace and educational institutions"Tea Party" goals in the 2010 mid-term electionsThe Tea Party movement, founded in 2009, is an American political movement that advocates strict adherence to the United States Constitution, reducing U.S. government spending and taxes, and reduction of the U.S. national debt and federal budget deficit.Patriot ActThis law passed after 9/11 expanded the tools used to fight terrorism and improved communication between law enforcement and intelligence agenciesISIS in IraqIslamic state of Iraq and Syeria -Iraqi army is weak -Sunnis tolerate the arrival of ISIS -ISIS now control big part of Syria and 1/3 of Iraq -ISIS also invades Kurdish territory in IraqBarack Obama2008; Democrat; first African American president of the US, health care bill; Gulf of Mexico oil spill disaster; economy: huge stimulus package to combat the great recession, is removing troops from Iraq, strengthened numbers in Afghanistan; repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell; New Start treaty with RussiaHealth Care ReformFacilitated access to care for millions of uninsured Americans