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Arts and Humanities
Social Studies Chapter 6 Early India Study Guide Quizlet
Terms in this set (14)
Scholars believe that Indus Valley people used granaries to...
store surplus crops
What was the lowest varna, or caste grouping, identified in the Vedas?
What's the law that determines how a person will be reincarnated?
List factors that helped Hinduism spread throughout India and Southeast Asia?
Hinduism is flexible enough to accept new gods
According to the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism, what must be overcome to end suffering?
All selfish desires
What have scholars learned for certain about the Indus Valley civilization?
Its cities were well planned.
The highest social group of the Aryan caste system?
Most historians think that Indo-Aryan culture spread through India by?
Hindus believe in a supreme God called...
In what order did Buddhism spread from country to country throughout Southeast Asia?
India, China, Japan
The Indus River system brings a standby source of irrigation water to the Indus Valley that made farming in this otherwise dry region possible. Regular river flooding also deposited fertile soil that was good for crops. The flood surpluses from farming were key to the development of the advanced Indus civilization.
Why did India's first civilization develop in the Indus Valley?
Hindus believe that the one supreme God Brahman is the source of all things, and that all other gods are actually different forms of Brahman. Therefore, Hindus may worship different individual gods and goddesses such as, Vishnu, Shive, Shakti, becuase that particular form of Brahman may appeal to them.
Explain how Hindus may worship many different gods while believing that there is one supreme being.
The ruins of more than 1,000 cities and towns show evidence of strong central planning and organization. The cities had defensive walls, protection from flooding, sewer systems, trash disposal systems, and wide, organized streets. The Indus Valley people also developed an advanced system of weights and measures and engaged in extensive trade.
Why do scholars believe the Indus Valley had an advanced civilization?
Hinduism has the greatest number of followers and the greatest cultural impact on India, but it also had an impact on Southeast Asia. The epics of Hindu literature, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, have influenced other art forms for many years. Hindu temples in India are centers of art, music, and dance. Hindu festivals and traditions form a large part of daily life in India.
Where and how has Hinduism had its greatest cultural impact?
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