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35 terms

Latin Culture

Got from Nussman
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Oedipus
The young man who was prophecized to kill his father and marry his mother.
Fasces
A symbol of Roman power, it consisted of reeds surrounding a hatchet.
Jocasta
Mother of Oedipus who killed herself when she realized she had married her son.
rogus, i (m)
Funeral pyre on which the deceased's body was cremated.
pompa, ae (f)
funeral procession for which wealthy families would hire mourners, musicians, etc...
reticulum, i (n)
ceremonial yellow hairwet worn by a bride to her wedding.
flammeum, i (n)
bright orange veil worn by bride at wedding.
auspex, auspicis (m)
officiating priest, name comes from words for "to watch" and "bird".
Aurora
This goddess was the mother of the winds and the goddess of dawn. In mythology, she placed dew on the plants before the sun rose.
Tithonus
Lover of Aurora who was changed into a cricket because he was made immortal but did not stay one age.
Ceyx and Halcyone
In this myth, a king asks his wife to wait for him to return, but his boat crashed, and he never returned. The couple was transformed into a pair of kingfishers.
TImeo Danaos et dona ferentes
A Trojan says that he "fears the Greek, even bringing gifts" in Book II of The Aeneid upon seeing the wooden horse.
Who became gladiators?
Slaves, often those found guilty of a crime or captured in warfare.
meridiani
"midday fighters"; condemned criminals who fought to the death, often without weapons.
pulvinar
The inperial seat at the amphitheater.
Ave, imperator, morituri te salutant.
This chant was recited by the gladiators to the emperor before the combat began.
thermae
public baths
balneae
private baths
strigilis
metal implement used to wipe off oil at the baths.
tepidarium
warm room
caldarium
hot room
apodyterium
changing room
frigidarium
cold room
palaestra
exercise ground at the baths
the Metamorphoses
a collection of fairy tale-like myths written by Ovid.
recitatio
a public reading
capita aut navia
"heads or ships' the aincent Roman equivalent of "heads-or-tails".
ludus latrunculorum
"game of bandits"; a game very similiar to checkers, it was played by two players.
par impar
a game where one person had to guess if the number chosen by the other person was even or odd.
Flavian amphitheater
At this famous Roman stadium, gladiators fought on holidays/ feast days. Its construction was completed by Jewish slaves captured during the put-down of a revolt.
lanistae
Gladiators' trainers.
Liberalia
the festival of Liber or Bacchus.
Tabularium
The building that contained public records.
mimus, i (m)
an actor hired to roast the deceased.
neniae
singers who recited funeral hymns.

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