Kaplan OAT Study Sheet

Exterior of the phospholipid bilayer
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Terms in this set (22)
What is allosteric regulation?binding of an effector molecule at allosteric siteWhat is feedback inhibition?end product inhibits initial enzyme pathwayWhat is reversible inhibition?competitive inhibitors bind to active site; noncompetitive inhibitors bind to allosteric siteWhere does glycolysis occur?cytoplasmWhat is the equation of glycolysis?C6H12O6 + 2 ADP + 2 Pi + 2 NAD+ --> 2 Pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 NADH + 2 H+ + 2 H2OFermentation occurs in what type of conditions?AnaerobicWhat happens during fermentation?Pyruvate is converted into lactic acid (in muscle) or ethanol (in yeast)Respiration occurs in what type of conditions?aerobic conditionsWhat are the steps of aerobic respiration?glycolysis, pyruvate decarboxylation, citric acid cycle, electron transport chain, oxidative phosphorylationWhat happens during pyruvate decarboxylation?pyruvate converted to acetyl-CoA in the mitochindrial matrixWhat happens during the citric acid cycle?acetyl-CoA enters and coenzymes exitWhat happens during the