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The most common cause of mental retardation is

fetal alcohol syndrome

Harlows research with monkeys raised with two types of artifucal mothers found that when frigthened infant monkeys went to the artifical mother that

was made of cloth

Typically infants with _______ attachments exhibits little, if any, distress when their mothers leave thier room


Sarah has learned the word ball. Now all around objects are called "ball". What is Sarahs error?


Erik Erikson's developmental stages are organized around potential turning points called

psychosocial crises

Piaget proposed four stages of cognitive development. which of the following is not one of is stages


kids realize that an object exist when they cannot touch it or see it


The idea that even if an object changes shape or appearance the underlying quanitity of the object remains the same is Piagets principle of


Childrens thought processes are particularly egocentric during which Piagetican stage

formal operational stage

According to Rogers what type of love influences children to overcome feeling of unworthiness ?


When psychologists use personality to explain why not everyone acts the same in similar situations, which qualities of the concept are they using?


Julio is extremely dependable and productive and his friends think he is great at organizing events. based on the five factors model of personality, julio would probably score

high in conscientiousness

The Id is

the primitive , instinctive component of personality

Paper Vs term paper, his decision reflects the functioning og his


By attributing our own unacceptable feelings to others and saying others have the feelings and not us, we are using


Frueds theory, either excessive gratification or excessive fustration of needs may result in


Humanistic personality theories focus on

an individuals freedom and potential growth

According to Carl Rogers, if you self concept is reasonable accurate, it is said to be

congruent with reality

The idea that ambiguous materials can serve as a blank screen onto which perople impose their characteristic concers, conflicts and desires is termed the

projective hypothesis

Which of the folowing class of mental disorders is biggest in our society?


The medical model of abnormal behavior proposes that

it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease

Etiology refers to the

apparent cause of a condition

Agoraphobia is a fear of

going out to public places

an unwanted thought that repeatedly intrudes upon an individuals consciousness is

an obsession

Frank witnessed a horrible car accident but cannot remember anything about it. Frank appears to have

dissociative amnesia

A concordance rate indicates

the percentage of twin pairs of relatives who exhibit the same disorder

Research concerning the etiology of schizophrenic disorders has implicated excessive activity of the neurotransmitter


According to the surgeon general report the biggest roadblock for psychotherapy is the

stigma surrounding the receipt of mental health treatment

Freud beleived that psychological disorders are caused by

unconscious conflicts left over from early childood

Largely unconscious densive maneuvers by a client intended to hinder the progress of therapy best describes



refers to the clients redirection towards the therapist of unconscious emotional reactions original felt towards others.

The main assumption of behavior therapy is that maladaptive behavior is the result of

learning and can be unlearned

Systematic desensitization involves

training to relax when confronted with anxiety arousing stimuli

You make an appt to see a therapist and at your first meeting the therapist tells you that he believes that most psychological disorders are a result of negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs. what type of therapist are you seeing?


The side effect associated with taking traditional antipsychoitve drugs that is characterized by chronic tremors and involuntary spastic movements is

tardive dyskinesia

people who are physically attractive are viewed as _____ than less attractive people.

more friendly, well adjusted, and competent.

A sterotype is

a widely held belief that people will have certain characteristics because of their membership in a specific group

When we make assumptions about why people do what they do we are making

an attribution

Conformity occurs when people

follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority.

Obedience occurs when people

follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority

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