In 1935, psychologist George Hartmann ran for political office in Pennsylvania. In some areas, he distributed leaflets with an emotional appeal to voters. In other areas, he distributed leaflets with a rational appeal. He then observed the voting records for these different areas. In Chapter 2, we discussed the difference between an independent variable and a dependent variable. In this study, the type of leaflet was the __________ variable, and the voting records were the __________ variable.
(a) independent, experimental; (b) experimental, independent; (c) dependent, independent;
(d) independent, dependent
Miles, a student at California State University at Sacramento, tells another student, Sasha, that "numbers are infinite," to which she responds, "Prove it!" Miles says, "Would you agree that any number doubled will result in a new number twice the size?" When Sasha answers yes, Miles responds, "Aha, you have just proved that numbers are infinite, because there must be a limitless number of numbers if you are correct." Miles is using the
(a) method of tenacity;
(b) scientific method;
(c) a priori method;
(d) method of authority. Julie believes that everyone dreams