Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
General Biology : Animal Tissue
Unit 6.1 : Animal Tissue
Terms in this set (123)
Group of cells with similar structure and function.
Study of tissues
Old French verb for Tissue, which means...
4 Types of Animal Tissue
Serves as covering or as lining of organs and cavities.
Functions of Epithelial Tissue
Shape of Cells
Layer of Cells
Epithelial tissues are classified based on...
Layers of epithelial tissue
Types of Epithelial Tissue
Single layer of flat cells
Blood and lymph vessel lining (diffusion)
Alveoli of the lungs (diffusion)
Portion of the kidney tubules (filtration and secretion)
Pleural, pericardial, peritoneal lining (protection)
Location of Squamous Tissue
Single layer of cube shaped cells, usually with spherical nuclei.
Function of simple cuboidal epithelium
Portion of kidney tubules (diffusion, secretion, and absorption)
Glands in the brain (secretion)
Thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands (secretion)
Salivary glands (secretion)
Surface of the ovaries (protection)
Location Simple Cuboidal
Single layer of tall cells
Forms the lining of the stomach and small intestine
Functions of Simple Columnar
Pancreatic cells (secretion)
Stomach and intestinal cells (secretion)
Intestinal lining (absorption)
Location of Simple Columnar
Simple columnar, but appears to have two or more layers.
Functions of Pseudostratified
Lining of nasal cavity and sinus (synthesis and secretion of mucus)
Lining of pharynx, trachea and bronchi (secretion of mucus)
Location of Pseudostratified
Multiple layers of cell that are cuboidal or columnar in the base layer progressively flattened toward the surface.
Cells in the Stratified Epithelium can be...
Composed of numerous layers of dead squamous cells, which are specially structured to be water proof and reduce evaporation from underlying tissues.
Location of Stratified Epithelium
Protection against abrasion.
Barrier against infection.
Function of Stratified tissue in the Skin.
Protection against abrasion
Function of Stratified tissue in the oral cavity, throat, larynx, esophagus, anus, vagina, urethra, cornea
Stratified and can be greatly stretched.
Cells are cuboidal when not stretched and becomes squamous when stretched.
Lining of urinary bladder, ureter, and urethra (change in fluid volume)
Location of Transitional epithelium
Columnar cells with cilia on the outer surface.
Performs the function of moving particles or fluid over the epithelial surface and structures, such as the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles.
Lining of trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles (sweeping of mucus and foreign particles)
Lining of fallopian tube (sweeping the fertilized ovum to the uterus)
Digestive tract (movement of accumulated food particles)
Location of Ciliated Epithelium
Formed, maintained, and characterized by specialized cells.
The chemical substances located between connective tissue cells
Types of Protein Fibers
Provides strength to the tissue; it prevents them to be torn or separated from the other surrounding tissues.
Made of the protein elastin, which can stretch and return to its original size and shape; provide flexibility to the tissues.
Consists of thin strands of collagen that can form a network of fibers or like a supportive mesh to support the tissues and other organs to which it is connected.
Types of Cells found in the Connective Tissue
initiates tissue creation.
maintain the tissue structure.
Breaks down the tissue for remodeling.
Types of Connective Tissue
Connects skin to muscle, found around organs
What three things make up the matrix of areolar connective tissue?
Cell found in Areolar CT
Packs materials between glands, muscles and nerves
Location and Function of Areolar Ct
What is the matrix of Adipose CT?
cells found in adipose tissue and used mainly for fat storage
Beneath the skin
Around the body organs
In the breasts
Within the bones
Location of Adipose CT
Cushion and protection of organs against injury.
Functions of Adipose CT
What is the matrix found in Fibrous CT?
Cells found in Fibrous CT
Location of Fibrous CT
Connect muscle to bone
Connect bone to bone
withstand force, pressure or stretch
protection in the fibrous CT
Matrix in the Elastic CT
Cells found in Elastic CT
location of elastic CT
Withstand applied force of pressure
Function of elastic CT
Specialized form of connective tissues, which is thin, flexible and it resist compressive forces.
matrix of Cartilage
cells found in cartilage, which produce matrix of collagen.
What are the three types of cartilage?
most common type of cartilage; glass-like but translucent.
Respiratory Tract Cartilage
Cartilage of the Ribs
Hyaline Cartilage Location
Provides support and forms a smooth surface on the joints
Function of Hyaline Cartilage
Very tough and strong tissue
location of fibrocartilage
Flexible and can withstand a great amount of pressure and connects structures.
Function of fibrocartilage
Provides strength and elasticity, and also maintains the shape of the certain structures, such as external ear.
location of Elastic Cartilage
Provides rigidity and flexibility
function of Elastic Cartilage
It is made of rigid, mineralized matrix.
Matrix of Bones
cells of bones, which function is to maintain mineral concentration of the matrix and for the bone remodeling.
Provides great strength and support.
Protects internal organs.
Provides attachment sites for the ligaments and muscles.
Skeletal joints allow movements.
Function of bones
fluid connective tissue
matrix of blood
cells in blood
Transports oxygen and carbon dioxide.
Protects the body from infection and platelets.
Aids in blood clotting and wound repair.
Specialized to contract and relax to bring about movements.
Maintenance of posture and body position.
Types of Muscle Tissues
long, slender cells that make up muscles
striated and voluntary
Attached to the bones
location of skeletal muscle tissue
pumps blood and involuntary
walls of the heart
location of cardiac muscle tissue
tapered, not striated and single nucleus.
Stomach and intestines
Wall of arteries and veins
Produce goosebumps in the skin
location of smooth mt
Receive and transmit signals
parts of a neuron
Transmit the impulse toward the cell body
transmits impulses away from the cell body
Types of neuron
conduct action potentials away from CNS
conduct action potentials toward the CNS
What are the three structural classes of neurons?
many dendrites, one axon
one dendrite and one axon
one axon and no dendrites
cells that support and protect neurons
types of neuroglia cells
form blood brain barrier
produce and circulate cerebrospinal fluid
Remove cell debris, wastes, and pathogens by phagocytosis
produce myelin in CNS
covers the axon of some neurons and helps speed neural impulses
produce myelin in PNS
Nodes of Ranvier
Gaps in the myelin sheath to which voltage-gated sodium channels are confined.
having a myelin sheath
axons without myelin sheath
positive outside, negative inside
negative outside, positive inside
A junction where information is transmitted from one neuron to the next.
Sets found in the same folder
General Biology : Plant Tissue
General Biology : Cell Modification
General Biology : Gametogenesis
General Biology : Mitosis
Other sets by this creator
Role of Packaging in Distribution Management
VIII - Profit, Loss, and Perfect Competition
UNIT VII - Cost
Recommended textbook solutions
Biocalculus: Calculus for the Life Sciences
Fundamentals of Biochemistry
Charlotte W. Pratt, Donald Voet, Judith G. Voet
Fundamentals of Biochemistry: Life at the Molecular Level
Charlotte W. Pratt, Donald Voet, Judith G. Voet
Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry
David L Nelson, Michael M. Cox
Other Quizlet sets
Roles , Rights , & Responsibilities
Q4L3: Business Opportunities
Plant Management Study Guide