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Rise of Empires into Civilizations-Olmecs, Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas
Terms in this set (35)
or native, people are the original inhabitants of an area.
As farming methods improved and farming output increased, villages grew into
is a geographical and cultural area which extends from central Mexico down through Central America.
were the first major ancient civilization of Mesoamerica.
The Olmecs inspired other Mesoamerican civilizations like the ______________and _______________
The __________________people were one of the indigenous groups that lived in southern Mexico and Central America
was the major city of the Maya.
The Maya planted crops on ____________fields, which were flat areas of constructed hillsides.
The Maya were skilled ______________________.
The Maya culture was centered on ________.
Maya gods were connected to ________________.
The sun, moon, stars, rain, and other parts of nature were represented by Maya ___________________.
Maya system of writing; used about 800 symbols of
Mayas were skilled mathmeticians and created a _______________.
The Maya studied the moon, stars, and other objects in space, known as __________________.
The Maya civilization slowly declined when people began leaving Tikal and other ____________________________.
measeals and smallpoxs
The Spanish also brought _________ and ________ that devastated the Maya population.
The Aztec empire is in present day central Mexico and extended into _____________ Mexico.
The capital city of the Aztec was
The Aztec empire grew through ______________and ________________.
The major _________ of the Aztec were the gods of sun, war, and rain.
The Aztec civilization was one of the first to require that all children receive an __________.
The Aztecs were ___________engineers and builders.
____________________ was pyramid that is considered the finest of all the architectural monuments. It was built to honor the Aztec gods of war and rain.
Aztec rulers took over areas throughout Central and Northern Central Mexico. This made people in the area ______________because they were forced to follow the Aztec rules. Citizens rebelled.
______________________led the Spanish explorers who destroyed the Great Temple and left with the Aztec treasure.
The ________ was the largest of all native empires in the Americas.
There are ________or legends that describe the beginning of the Inca empire.
Capital of the Incan empire
__________________ was the most important industry of the Inca.
Major _____________for the Inca were: potatoes, corn, and quinoa.
The Inca developed a system of _______________. This helped to transport armies.
provided clean drinking water to the Inca empire
Reservoirs and cisterns ________________drinking water for the Inca.
A system of knots used for record keeping by the Incas
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