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Chemistry Unit 4 Review
Terms in this set (16)
Electrons at rest are in the _________ state
Electrons given energy are in the __________ state
These electrons have jumped to the next energy level. When they fall back down, they release ________. This process is called ___________ _____________, resulting in different frequencies of light for each element. These different frequencies can be seen in an element's ___________ ___________ ___________.
light; Emission Spectroscopy; Bright Line Spectrum
______________ ___________ _________ shows negative electrons sitting in empty space surrounding a positive nucleus.
Rutherford's Atomic Model
_________ __________ _________ shows negative electrons travelling in circular orbits around the positive nucleus.
Bohr's Atomic Model
________________ __________ _________ shows negative electrons in 3-dimensional orbitals of varying shapes.
Schrodinger's Atomic Model
_______________ ___________ are used to describe the location of electrons in the electron cloud, or the area around the nucleus where the electrons are located.
The ________________ _____________ ____________ indicates the main energy level. It is sometimes symbolized with the letter ___.
Principal Quantum Number; n
There are 4 possible values for the orbital quantum number. They are ___, ____, ___, and ___.
s; p; d; f
'S' stands for a ____________ - shaped orbital.
'P' stands for a ____________ - shaped orbital.
'D' stands for a ____________-_________ - shaped orbital
'F' stands for a ____________ - shaped orbital
An ________ is a three-dimensional space where one or two electrons are most likely to be.
Any orbital can hold ___ ___________
An S Sub Level is made up of __ ___ _______. It an hold ___ electrons
1 S orbital; 2
A P Sub level is made up of ___ ____ _________. It can hold _____ electrons
3 P orbital; 6
A D Sub level is made up of ___ ____ ________. It can hold ____ electrons
5 D orbital; 10
An F Sub level is made up of ___ ____ _________. It can hold ____ electrons
7 F orbital; 14
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