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Arts and Humanities
Interwar and WWII 6 pic
Terms in this set (25)
VE Day, VJ Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered August 15, 1945 "Victory over Japan day"
a policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war
Code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 in NY to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
"lightning'-Fast, sudden attack by massed forces such as Germany's attack on Poland
the two days when Nazi troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues, also know as "Night of the Broken Glass."
Opposition to and discrimination against Jews as seen in Hitler's "final solution" plan for a state sponsored attack on Jews
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control , extreme nationalism, denial of individual rights and headed by a dictator. First found in Italy by Benito Mussolini.
The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State. The National Socialist German Workers Party, otherwise known as the Nazi Party advocated by Adolf Hitler
Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria
France, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II
"My Struggle"-a book written by Adolf Hitler during his imprisonment in 1923-1924, in which he set forth his beliefs and his goals for Germany
prison camps used in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
A mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during WWII
British Prime Minister who opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War II
Franklin D Roosevelt
32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition; was part of the Allied Powers in WWII
1939-1945 heavy fighting across Europe, included Battle of Stalingrad, Bulge and D-Day
1942 -1945, covered a large portion of the Pacific Ocean, East Asia, and Southeast Asia,; included the Battles of Midway, Coral Sea and Iwo Jima.
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.the other was Nagasaki
emperor of Japan during WWII. his people viewed him as a god, forced to surrender after 2nd atomic bomb
a person or group that bears the blame for another or something that has happened
December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. ships in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii killing 3000. U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
the Great Depression
starting with collapse of the US stock market in 1929, period of worldwide economic stagnation and depression. Sharp declines in income and production , widespread unemployment, countries raised tariffs to protect their industries.
Nuremburg Trials (1945)
13 trials in Germany held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice resulting in the death sentence for 12 Nazis.
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