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Social Studies Geography Set
Fabyan - 5th Grade Social Studies
Terms in this set (25)
Longitude is the distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees.
Latitude is the distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees.
The equator is an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole.
The prime meridian is the vertical line located at 0 degrees longitude.
A hemisphere is one half of the earth. We have northern and southern hemispheres divided by the equator and eastern and western hemispheres divided by the prime meridian.
Tropic of Cancer
The Tropic of Cancer is the line of latitude about 23 degrees North of the equator.
Tropic of Capricorn
The Tropic of Capricorn is a line of latitude about 23 degrees South of the equator.
an extremely cold continent at the south pole almost entirely below the Antarctic Circle
Smallest continent found in the South Pacific
Largest continent with countries like Japan, China and Russia - is also attached to the continent of Europe
2nd largest continent to the south of Europe
continent north of Africa and west of Asia
This continent is home to Canada, Mexico and the United States.
This continent is south of the United States and is home to countries such as Brazil, Chile, Ecuador and Peru.
The smallest and coldest ocean on earth, located nearest the north pole.
The ocean that surrounds Antarctica, nearest the south pole.
The ocean to the east of Africa and the west of Australia and south of the country India.
The largest and deepest ocean on earth, to the west of North and South America.
The ocean that touches the east coast of the USA and the west coast of Europe and Africa.
Absolute location is the exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates or a specific address - for example, Fabyan's absolute location is: 0S350 Grengs Lane, Geneva, IL 60134
Relative location is the position of a place in relation to another place - for example, Geneva is 40 miles west of Chicago.
Movement is how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another -- In Geneva we see cars, trains, buses, Uber, and bikes, that help move people and goods from place to place. We also use phones, computers, newspapers and the internet to move ideas from place to place.
A region is an area that is identified by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features -- for example the midwest region has rolling hills and farms. Our region is not like the mountains in the west or the beaches on the coasts.
Human Environment Interaction
Human Environment Interaction is the study of the interrelationship between people and their physical environment. It's how we adapt to our environment and also on how we depend on our environment for certain things. Think of how we must have winter clothes here and also how we need the food that is grown locally.
Place describes the human and physical characteristics of a location -- in this case the Fox River is a physical characteristic of our town.
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