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31 terms

American Nation: Chapter 16

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Old immigrants
Protestants from Northwestern Europe who came to the US from 1800-1880
New immigrants
People from southern and eastern Europe who came to the US to escape poverty or persecution
Steerage
The poorest accomodations of a steamship where immigrants traveled to get to the US
Benevolent societies
Religious and nonreligious organizations formed to help immigrants in sickness, unemployment, and death
Denis Kearney
Leader of the Workingmen's party,
Chinese Exclusion Act
Denied citizenship in the US to people born in China and prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers.
Immigration Restriction League
Anti-immigration organization founded in 1894 by wealthy Bostonians that sought to impose literacy tests on all immigrants
Grover Ceveland
President who vetoed anti-immigrations legislations and stating that they were illiberal
Skyscrapers
Large, multistory buildings
Mass Transit
Forms of public transportation such as electric commuter trains, subways and trolley cars that expanded cities outward.
Suburbs
Residential neighborhoods on the outskirts of a city
Nouveau Riche
New class of wealthy city dwellers. French term meaning newly rich
Conspicuous Consumption
Behavior labeled by social scientist Thorstein Veblen where the newly rich spent their money freely to show off their wealth.
Tenements
Poorly built apartment buildings where immigrants lived in NYC.
Settlement Houses
Community service centers established by reformers to confront the problem of urban poverty.
Elisha Otis
Developed a mechanized elevator
Jane Addams
Woman at the front of the settlement house movement. Her goals were to provide educational and cultural opportunities to the poor and to improve their living conditions. Founded Hull House.
Janie Porter Barrett
African American teacher who founded one of the 1st African American Settlement houses: the Locust Street Settlements
Social Gospel
Calls for people to apply Christian principles to address social problems
Caroline Bartlett
Organized People's Church in Kalamazoo, Michigan according to the social gospel and became a unitarian minister
Compulsory Education laws
Laws requiring parents to send children to school
Yellow journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Vaudeville
French word meaning light play. Variety show that featured a wide selection of short performances.
Ragtime
New form of music performed in vaudeville shows created by African American artists in the 1890s
John Dewey
Education reformer and philosopher who opened a Laboratory school at the University of Chicago that emphasized art, history and science.
Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect who designed Central Park in 1857
City Beautiful movement
Movement inspired by the completion of Central Park. Called for inclusion of parks and attractive boulevards in city designs.
Walter Camp
Football player at Yale in the 1780s who established many of the rules and principles of the game.
James Naismith
Physical Educator who invented the game of basketball in 1891 while trying to find something to occupy of group of unruly students.
Edwin Booth
Premier actor of 1860s and 70s who portrayed Shakespeare's heroes
Scott Joplin
King of ragtime, piano player