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67 terms

1145 final exam study guide

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turgor
normal resiliency of the skin
layers of the skin
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
age related changes (4)
lesions, dry skin, higher risk for cancer, loss of elasticity
a,b,c,d,e rule of cancer lesions
asymmetry, border,color,diameter,elevation, feeling
erythemia (light and dark skin)
reddish tone
deeper brown or purple
papule
primary lesion-wart,skin tag
elevated, firm, less than 1cm
primary lesion
normal skin variations
secondary lesions
scaring or trauma to skin
nodule
elevated, firm deeper in dermis
esotropia
eye pointing in
exotropia
eye pointing out
periorbital edema
swelling of eye lids
exophthalmos
protruding eye
enophthalmos
sunkin eye
ptosis
drooping eye
conjunctivitis
pink eye
subconjunctival hemorrhage
broken blood vessel in the eye
hyphema
large blood hemorrhage in eye
external ear
auditory canal
TM
middle ear
eustachian tube
malleus, incus and stapes
inner ear
vestibule, semicircular canals
cochlea
vertigo
dizziness
tinnitus
ringing in ear
TM color/location
pearly gray
middle ear
romberg test
stand and close eyes
rinne test
air conduction longer than bone conduction
2:1 ratio
structures of the mouth
hard/soft palates
uvula
tongue
salivary glands of the mouth
parotid
submandibular
sublingual
structures of the throat
oropharynx
tonsils
nasopharynx
tonsil grading
+1 - +4
order of musculoskeletal examination
inspection
palpation
range of motion
muscle testing
functional assessment
activities of daily living
self care behaviors
dressing self
brushing teeth
feeding self
abduction
away from
adduction
toward
phalen's sign
test for carpal tunnel
both wrists flexed, dorsum of hands together for 1 minute
tinel's sign
tapping on the median nerve
ankylosis
stiffness / fixation of a joint
frontal lobe
primary motor
occipital lobe
primary visual
temporal lobe
primary auditory
thalamus
relay station from spin to brain
hypothalamus
homeostasis
# of cranial nerves
12 pairs
# of spinal nerves
31 pairs
# of cervical nerves
8
# of thoracic nerves
12
# of lumbar nerves
5
# of sacral nerves
5
# of coccygeal nerves
1
locations of deep tendon reflexes
biceps c5-6
brachioradial c5-6
triceps c6-8
patellar L2-4
achilles S1-2
parasympathetic nervous system control what?
conserves energy
controls breathing
parastalsis
what makes one at risk for CVA?
ages (elderly)
gender (men more likely)
family history
high blood pressure
smokers
over weight
excessive alcohol
dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
CN1
olfactory / smells
CN2
optic / vision
CN3
oculomotor / eye movements, pupil constriction, change in lens shape
CN4
trochlear / downward, inward eye movement
CN5
trigeminal / jaw opening, clenching, chewing
sensation to eyes, forehead, nose, tongue, ear, facial skin
CN6
abducens / lateral eye movement
CN7
facial / facial expressions, front 2/3 taste, secretion of saliva and tears
CN8
acoustic / hearing and equilibrium
CN9
glossopharyngeal / swallowing, speech, gag reflex, taste back of tongue, carotid reflex
CN10
vagus / voluntary speech sounds, swallowing, sensation behind ear and part of external ear canal, digestive enzymes, peristalsis
CN11
spinal accessory / turning head, shrug shoulders
CN 12
hypoglossal / tongue movement for speech
graphesthesia
ability to recognize outlines traced on skin