40 terms

8th Grade US History Test--14-15

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Why did the admission of California alarm Southerners?
the balance between free and slave states was upset
If California entered the Union in 1850 who would have the advantage?
the free states over the slave states
What did the South do after Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860?
South Carolina and then six other states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America
Dred Scott decision
a main point was that slaves were property even if they lived in a free territory
Republicans
the first candidate of this party was Abraham Lincoln
Richmond
capital of the Confederacy
Compromise of 1850
allowed California to enter the Union as a free state
African American troops
had to fight in an all black regiment that was led by white leaders
Battle of Bull Run
saw the Confederates win and the legend of Stonewall Jackson was boen
William Sherman
remembered for his March to the Sea
restore the Union
Lincoln's main goal
1865
by what year was the Union winning the war and close to forcing the Confederates to surrender
Harper's Ferry
Broun mounted a raid here to seize guns from the US Army, in an effort to free slaves in a slave revolt
Republican Party
their goal was to ban slavery from the new western territories
Stephen Douglas
supported the idea of popular sovereignty
John Brown
treated as a martyr in the North, but was hated in the South after he killed five proslavery men
Emancipation Proclmation
changed the Civil War by making it a struggle for freedom for enslaved African Americans
Bleeding Kansas
nickname given to Kansas because of all the fighting over slavery
slavery and states rights
two main causes of the Civil War
Advantages fo the North
more factories
more population
more railroads
Kansas Nebraska Act
this law was the reason that Abraham Lincoln ran for president
attack on Fort Sumter
election of Abraham Lincoln
two events that caused the beginning of the Civil War
How did the Civil War affect women
they took on jobs that used to be held by women
Antietam
Civil War battle that was the bloodiest day of fighting in the war
draft
created because more soldiers were needed
siege
surround your enemy, cut them off from their supplies and destroy their will to fight
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln's speech in which he tried to restore the Uniion
Atlanta
city that was burned by Sherman on the "march to the sea"
Free Soil Party
did not want the land gained in the Mexican-American Was to allow slavery
Fugitive Slave Law
passed in the Compromise of 1850 whicl allowed escaped slaves in the North to be recaptured
Kansas Nebraska Act
allowed settlers in the territories to decide whether to allow slavery
border states
states with dvided loyalties (Maryland, Missouri, and Kentucky)
Virginia
the western counties of this state refused to secede and later formed a new state
Mississippi River
the Union army gained control of most of this river after Admiral David G. Farragut captured New Orleans
California
the questioning of admission of this state to the Union as a free state led to the Compromise of 1850
South
which side had the most experienced militay leaders
ironclads
the Monitor and the Merrimack were names given to these ship that were protected by iron and changed the nature of naval warfare
Shiloh
the Union army was able to gain control of western Tennessee after this battle
Vicksburg and Gettysburg
gave the Union forces the upper hand in the war
Effects fo the Emancipation procalmation
made it a struggle for freedom for slaves
only slaves in the South were freed
caused Britain to stop supporting the South