Unit 3 Terms for Quiz
Terms in this set (36)
President 1801-1809, Made Louisiana Purchase in 1803
Lewis and Clark
Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps of land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
An 1819 agreement in which Spain gave over control of the territory of Florida to the United States and marked the line between Spanish Mexico and the United States
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country
Free Enterprise System
An economic system in which people are free to operate their businesses as they see fit, with little government interference.
economic change where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves
President from 1829-1837, Indian Removal Act / Trail of Tears, first southern/ western president, popular "President for the common man"
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands in East to the Indian Territory west of Mississippi. More than 4,000 Cherokees died of cold, disease, and lack of food. Violated equal treatment ideals by not respecting their culture.
Feeling of hostility or anger towards foreigners that arose in the 1840's and 1850's in response to big increases in Irish and German Catholic immigrants.
Legally adding land area in the United States
Proclamation of Neutrality
Washington's foreign policy of not taking sides in a war between England and France. Washington felt neutrality was best way to safefuard the newly won independence.
Allowed travel upstream realiable and easier; Robert Fulton
an economy based on farming to an economy based on manufacturing by machines in factories; higher wages drew people away from farms to work in factories
an American foreign policy that declared that the American continents were no longer to be colonized by European powers
War of 1812
Triggered by British capturing American ships and sailors headed for France; victory solidified America and led to nationalism.
served as Lewis and Clark's expedition guide and translator
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
Treaty of Greenville
Defeated tribes surrendered claims to Ohio Territory land and opened it up to settlers for a small payment.
the name some people gave the train; made trade and travel easier
The Star Spangled Banner
The national anthem of the United States. Originally written as a poem by Francis Scott Key, inspired by the victory over the British at Fort McHenry during the War of 1812
Caused a shift from an economy based on farming to an economy based on manufacturing by machines in factories. Caused people to move from rural areas to cities.
River and Canal transportation
Important to the Industrial Revolution because it made travel faster and cheaper than by roads
Perfected by Samuel F.B. Morse and allowed communication over distance by a wire
Right to vote
Seneca Falls convention
the beginning of an organized women's movement.
Second Great Awakening
Religious leaders organized to revive Americans' commitment to religion.
Reformer who was a pioneer in the movement for better treatment of the mentally ill
the belief that the United States was meant to spread all the way to the Pacific Ocean
Aimed at easing crime, disorder, and poverty by encouraging heavy drinkers to give up alcohol and spreading ideas about the evils of alcohol
Awarded as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo after the Mexican American War. U.S. paid $15 million for 525,000 square miles. Fulfilled idea of Manifest Destiny
Texas gave up status as an independent nation to be added on to the United States in 1845, triggered war between the U.S. and Mexico and fulfilled idea of Manifest Destiny
Fifty-four Forty or Fight
James K. Polk and the Democrats wanted all of Oregon to the 54 degree 40 minute line of latitude. Settled at 49th latitude line.
Mexican-American War Causes
A border dispute over Texas and Mexico and the desire for US to acquire the northern territories of Mexico
Mexicans attacked rebels at an abandoned Spanish Mission in San Antonio, Texans lost great number of people, became an inspiration to fight for Texans.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
In 1848, Mexico ceded(gave up) 500,000 square miles of land to the United States and made the Rio Grande the border for $15 million.
James K. Polk
Democratic President; acquired majority of the western US -Mexican Cession, Texas Annexation, Oregon Country