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Elders Final Review - Full Chapter Questions

Terms in this set (273)

11. Answer: 1, 2, 3
Page: 332


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1.
Stroke is the sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by blockage of blood flow or rupture of an artery to the brain. Sudden loss of speech, weakness, or paralysis of one side of the body can occur. Stroke may be a differential diagnosis for symptoms of headaches, changes in mental function, language deficits, and visual problems.
2.
Subdural hematoma is the bleeding into the space between the dura and the brain itself. Subdural hematomas can be caused by minor accidents to the head, major trauma, or the spontaneous bursting of a blood vessel in the brain. Subdural hematoma may be a differential diagnosis for symptoms of headaches, changes in mental function, language deficits, and visual problems.
3.
Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges, the three membranes that envelop the brain and the spinal cord. Meningitis can be caused by infection by bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. Meningitis may be a differential diagnosis for symptoms of headaches, changes in mental function, language deficits, and visual problems.
4.
Venous insufficiency is a medical condition in which blood pools in the veins, straining the walls of the vein. It could cause swelling and ulcer formation in the limbs. Venous insufficiency may be a differential diagnosis for peripheral neuropathy with symptoms of paresthesia, sensory ataxia, and autonomic dysfunction.
5.
Diabetes mellitus frequently affects the peripheral nervous system and is the most common cause of neuropathy.