World History Unit 8: World War II

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Terms in this set (32)
Adolf HitlerAustrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocaust.GestapoNazi secret policeNuremberg LawsAnti-Jewish laws enacted in 1935; included denial of German citizenship to those of Jewish heritage and segregation of them from German societyThird ReichThe Third German Empire, established by Adolf Hitler in the 1930s.AppeasementA policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war. Associated with Neville Chamberlain's policy of making concessions to Adolf Hitler.Axis PowersAlliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.Nazi-Soviet Pactagreement between Germany and the Soviet Union in 1939 in which the two nations promised not to fight each other and to divide up land in Eastern EuropeBlitzkrieg"Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939Holocaustthe Nazi program of exterminating Jews under HitlerLend-Lease Actallowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.SWinston ChurchillPrime Minister of Great Britain during WWIIBattle for BritainHitler continually bombs London killing and wounding many but Britain never lets up or gives up.Pearl HarborUnited States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.StalingradDecisive battle in German invasion of Russia, the Germans were surrounded and systemically destroyedYalta Conference1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister(PM) Winston Churchill, and and Soviet Leader Stalin during WWII to plan for post-warD-DayAllied invasion of France on June 6, 1944V-E DayVictory in Europe DayV-J Day"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945Island HoppingA military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing othersManhattan ProjectA secret U.S. project for the construction of the atomic bomb.Nuremberg TrialsA series of court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany, after World War II, in which Nazi leaders were tried for aggression, violations of the rules of war, and crimes against humanity.KamikazeJapanese suicide pilots who loaded their planes with explosives and crashed them into American ships.