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Terms in this set (96)
the distribution of the population's beliefs about politics and policy issues
Major features of polling technique (e.g., random sample, the size)
want large size of randome and diverse people
What could make the polling results unreliable? (1936 Literary Digest straw poll, 2016 election)
not being diverse only talking to one side
Social desirability effects
the effect that results when respondents in a survey report what they expect the interviewer wishes to hear rather than what they believe
in an experiment, unintended differences between the participants in different groups
What influences people's opinions
own beliefs what gtthey have leaned
How does the political knowledge influence one's political involvement?
more they know the more involved
Political ideology (conservatives, liberals, moderates, statists and libertarians) (be able to apply these terms)
LOOK AT A CHART ONLINE
Political socialization and its major agents
looking thought a political frame
Different types of media
internet, outdoor, magazines, radio, television, direct mail, newspapers (chart for pros and cons p.125)
Media and its major functions
to inform oftian has a bias
What are the current news media trends? Explain each of them.
more online large corperAtions with shells
What are benefit and concerns of online news?
fast easy false
Political participation (traditional political participation - conventional political participation and unconventional political participation. Digital political participation. Examples of each)
traditional political participation== donate to party suport them conventional political participation===the campain itself unconventional political participation=== grass roots
Digital political participation=== doing things online
Does online participation lead to offline participation?
The expansion of suffrage (Amendments: 15, 19, 24 &26)
15 dniy based off race 19 cant deny off of gender 24 no poll tax 26 voating age 18
1. Who participates (or votes) and who does not (or how are education, income, age, and race correlated with voter turnout)?
more educated show out white
What is gender gap? Why Latinos are referred to as "the sleeping giant"?
the gender that dosent vote
Why was voter turnout so low in the U.S. in the past elections? Can we do anything to improve it? (PowerPoint notes) (2020 election has voter turnout of 66%, the highest since 1900).
feel vote wont make a diferance
1. What are the factors that explain why people vote the way they do? Which factor is the most dominant and long lasting one? (lecture)
vote on what the belieave
1. How does America's voter turnout compare with that in other nations? (PowerPoint)
1. How does registration requirements and voter ID laws affect voter turnout?
ppl think it dose but it dosent
1. What are some voting and registration reforms that some state governments have undertaken to increase the voter turnout?
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
delegates who run party affairs between national conventions
political machine (machine politics)
leverage alot of votes
a citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or the other
partisans who contribute time, energy, and effort to support their party and its candidates
Winner-takes-all system v. proportional representation
like it says
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years. The platform is drafted prior to the party convention by a committee whose members are chosen in rough proportion to each candidate's strength. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.
FDR coalition (New Deal Coalition)electoral realignment (or party realignment)
moved all kids of shit around
a lessening of the importance of party loyalties in voting decisions
critical election (which elections are critical elections?)
when mujority is available
one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress
1. How did the Founders envision political parties?
1. Why U.S. has a two-party system not multiple-party system?
because so powerfull
1. What are examples of minor parties (or 3rd parties)? How do they make contributions to the political process?
green party force new legislation
1. When you claim you are a Republican or Democrat, what do you mean? what policy positions do you take?
right or left
1. Who are Republicans and who are Democrats (party coalition)?
1. What is the trend in party identification?
Primary election/general election
There are really two campaigns for the presidency - one for the party nomination and one for the actual office.
Issue election (initiative and referendum and recall)
vote on one thing
Closed primary/open primary (know the definitions and also know which type is the most frequently used)
have to vote for your party in primarys
an election that takes place in the middle of a presidential term
Straight-ticket voting v. split tickets
all one way
A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Party's national convention
Caucus v. Primary (How do they differ?)
caucause say what party voting for
First state to hold a caucus or primary, therefore giving Iowa much attention during the campaign season.
New Hampshire primary
First Presidential primary and its winner becomes the media's major attention
Majority system v. plurality system
winn pool but loose pop____________
Winner takes all v. proportional representation
Redistricting and Gerrymandering
strategies for drawing the boundaries of electoral districts in such a way as to give advantages to one party
Grassroots campaign v. mass media campaign
1. What was the Founding Fathers' view on election?
1. What are the functions performed by political parties?
1. Why election matters?
its the ****ing prez
1. Which level of government administers the election? What issues may this have?
1. What does the National Party Convention do?
raise support pick one can
1. How does the electoral college system work? How many electors does each state have? What are the problems with the electoral college system? Should it be abolished?
all hqave at least 3 2 from sen makes easy and problomatic states no
1. Over the course of history have there been any presidents who lost the popular election but won the electoral college votes?
1. What happened if no presidential candidate receives a majority of the electoral college system?
goes the sennate 1 vote per and congrass
1. Regarding congressional elections, what are the incumbency advantages?
easy to re vote if like
1. How voters decide (partisan loyalty, policy issue and candidate characteristics)?
What are the characteristics of the election campaign in recent decades?
What do campaign consultants do? What does campaign volunteers do? Are these volunteers still important? What is rule of media in the campaign process? What role does money play? Can money guarantee the win?
help out learn
big makes power
How expensive are presidential campaign?
What are sources for campaign funding?
Why is it so hard to regulate campaign contribution?
so many doners freedom of speach
What are major provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act Amendment of 1974?
What are PACs? Super PACs? What are their influence in recent campaign finance?
political action commitie supoper can raise alot but not donate directly
What are individual campaign contribution limits?
1000 per election 2 per canadate
Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
1st Amendment protects campaign spending; legislatures can limit contributions, but not how much one spends of his own money on campaigns.
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission
A 2010 landmark Supreme Court case that ruled that individuals, corporations, and unions could donate unlimited amounts of money to groups that make independent political expenditures.
A theory of government that holds that open, multiple, and competing groups can check the asserted power by any one group.
Groups of people who work together for similar interests or goals
Political groups that agree on objectives and policies; the origins of political parties.
lobbying activities performed by rank-and-file interest group members and would-be members
empowering individual citizens to take a more active role in the legislative and political processes
public interest group
an organization that seeks a collective good that will not selectively and materially benefit group members
For a group, the problem of people not joining because they can benefit from the group's activities without joining.
direct interaction with public officials for the purpose of influencing policy decisions
the banding together of several interest groups for the purpose of lobbying
A close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group
PACs and Super PACs
may raise unlimited sums of money from corporations, unions, associations and individuals, then spend unlimited sums to overtly advocate for or against political candidates.
a president's strategy of appealing to the public on an issue, expecting that public pressure will be brought to bear on other political actors
1. How did the Founders view organized groups? How did James Madison say about the "faction"?
says have to alow them lesser of two evils
1. Regarding the development of American interest groups, why is there such a proliferation of interest groups?
because more issues
1. Are all the groups equally represented? What explains which group are better organized? What interests are not represented?
no large money and legislatin
1. What are the different types of interest groups? Give examples of each?
Christian Coalition. Pat Robertson's group has an extensive web site devoted to promoting their cause. ...
Common Cause. ...
National Organization for Women. ...
National Right to Life Committee. ...
Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice. ...
The Right-to-Know Network.
1. How does digital communication affect interest group politics?
1. What are the resources of interest groups?
adds news word of mouth
1. What tactics and strategies do interest groups use to influence public policies?
portray bad help recognise issue
How do lobbyists influence Congress?
with proof /gifts
How does interest group influence executive branch, including public agencies?
How do interest groups influence the court?
What are example of the election activities that interest groups can use?
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