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SMCS: Social Studies Chpt. 16- Atlantic South America

STUDY
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Favelas
huge slums located in Northeast Brazil
Gauchos
Argentine cowboys who herd cattle and horses on open grasslands
Mercosur
a trade organization that promotes economic cooperation between its members
Gran Chaco
area consisting of flat, low plains covered in shrubs, low trees, and savannas (Located southwest of the highlands)
Brasilia
Capital of Brazil
Pampas
wide grassy plains located in Central Argentina
Ecomienda
the system under which Spanish monarchs gave land to colonists and also granted them the right to work the natives
Montevideo
the capital of Uruguay
Estuary
a partially enclosed body of water where saltwater and freshwater mix
landlocked
completely surrounded by land, no direct water access
Brazil (statistics)
Country with largest economy and population of any country in Atlantic South America
Argentina
country that gained independence from Spain in 1816
The Parana River
This river and the Amazon drain most of the region
Spain and Portugal
These two European countries have ruled Uruguay
Soil exhaustion
The depletion of soil nutrients that occurs when the same crop is planted repeatedly
Paraguay
95% of this country's population are mestizeo
Beunos Aires
A third of all Argentines live in this city, their capital.
Northern and Coastal regions
These two regions have moist tropical climates
Amazon
Name of the rain forest that provides natural rubber, food, wood, medicinal plants, and countless other products.
Portugal
Brazil won independence from this country in 1822
Spanish
the official language of Uruguay
Northern Asians
The group that probably settled Brazil first
The climates of Atlantic South America
humid tropical, humid subtropical, tropical savanna, and temperate grasslands
Brazil (size)
country that occupies about half of the South American continent
Argentina's government today
Democracy with elected president and legislature
Northeast Brazil
Brazil's poorest region
Argentina (dance)
This country's culture includes the tango
Macumbia
a religion that combines African, Indian, and Roman Catholic religious ideas and practices
The Paraguay River
The river that seperates Paraguay into two regions and runs through its capital
Brazil (culture)
Region whose culture does not include the tango