The perspective from which a story is told, held by a NARRATOR or PERSONA
POV - FIRST PERSON PARTICIPANT
The story is narrated by one of the main characters in the story (e.g. Mark Twain's, Huckleberry Finn).
POV - FIRST PERSON OBSERVER
The story is narrated by a minor character, someone plays only a small part in the plot
POV - THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT
The story is narrated not by a character, but by an impersonal author who sees and knows everything, including characters' thoughts (e.g. the Iliad, Odyssey).
POV - THIRD PERSON LIMITED
The story is narrated by the author, but he/ she focuses on the thinking and actions of a particular character.
POV - OBJECTIVE
The story describes only what can be seen, as a newspaper reporter.
An author's distinctive literary style, basic vision and general attitude toward the world.
The writer's attitude, mood or moral outlook toward the subject and/or readers, e.g.: as angry, cynical, empathetic, critical, idealistic, ironic, optimistic, realistic, suspicious, comic, surprised, or sarcastic
A literary device which creates interests through a brief, indirect reference to another literary work, usually for the purpose of associating the tone or theme of the one work with the other.
an extended metaphor; it is a story that makes sense on the literal level, but also, through the totality of its plot, characters, and conflict, it provides another figurative meaning.
The reason the author has written a piece of literature.The writer may try to inform, persuade, entertain, or express an opinion that gives the reader a deeper insight into 'why' the author has composed a particular work.
The person(s) reading a text, listening to a speaker, or observing a performance.
The time, place, physical details, and circumstances in which a situation occurs. Example: "It was a dark and stormy night . . ."
Emotional effect that the text creates for the audience (positive or negative)
The struggle between opposing forces that provides the central action and interest in any literary plot. Man vs. man, nature, society and himself.
A narrative technique that allows a writer to present past events during current events, in order to provide background for the current narration.
A part of the plot that jumps ahead in time and returns to the present. It is used to represent events expected, projected or imagined to happen in the future.
Hints of future events through unusual circumstances in the present
Events in a literary work that are arranged in the way of their occurrence.
CAUSE & EFFECT
The events in a story are connected by a chain where as one event causes another, which causes another, and so on.
An arrangement of events to achieve an intended effect consisting of a series of carefully devised and interrelated actions that progresses through a struggle of opposing forces, from conflict, to resolution. Expresses the author's purpose.
The opening of the story, when the characters and their conflict are introduced
The highest point of tension or action in a story. It often leads the reader to wonder, "What will happen? How is everything going to turn out?" Also known as the turning point