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Arts and Humanities
World War II
Terms in this set (21)
VE Day, VJ Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered August 15, 1945 "Victory over Japan day"
a policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war
Code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 in NY to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
the two days when Nazi troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues, also know as "Night of the Broken Glass."
Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control , extreme nationalism, denial of individual rights and headed by a dictator. First found in Italy by Benito Mussolini.
The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State. The National Socialist German Workers Party, otherwise known as the Nazi Party advocated by Adolf Hitler
Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria
France, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II
A mass imprisonment in concentration camps, mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi government of Germany before and during WWII
The Big Three
Allies during WWII: Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin, US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.the other was Nagasaki
emperor of Japan during WWII. his people viewed him as a god, forced to surrender after 2nd atomic bomb
December 7, 1941 - Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. ships in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii killing 3000. U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
Nuremburg Trials (1945)
13 trials in Germany held for the purpose of bringing Nazi war criminals to justice resulting in the death sentence for 12 Nazis.
Japanese army officer who initiated the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and who assumed dictatorial control of Japan during World War II
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Agreement between the Soviet Union and Germany not to attack each other but in secret a plan was made to attack and divide Poland
starting with collapse of the US stock market in 1929, period of worldwide economic stagnation and depression. Sharp declines in income and production, widespread unemployment, countries raised tariffs to protect their industries.
1939-1945 Fighting that took place on the continent of Europe including the Battle of Stalingrad, The Battle of the Bulge and D-Day against Hitler and Mussolini.
1942-1945 covered a large portion of the Pacific Ocean, East Asia and Southeast Asia; included the Battles of Midway, Coral Sea and Iwo Jima
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