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Gov quiz 3
Terms in this set (25)
A state election for state and national offices. Voters must declare their party affiliation when registering to vote and cannot change their political party preferences on the day of the election. In order to change political parties, a voter must re-register to vote.
Open Primary Election
A state election for state and national offices. Voters do not have to declare a party affiliation until they show up to vote, but they can only vote in one party's primary per election.
Type of state primary where registered party members physically align themselves in a room to show support for a particular candidate. Delegate points are distributed according to how many people are in each candidate's corner.
Where primary voters will intentionally vote for the political candidate who is most likely to lose to their preferred candidate. It is most likely to occur in states with Open Primaries.
The number of pledged delegates that a candidate for president must secure to win its party's nomination. Each candidate must win a majority (50% + 1) to secure the nomination. Number of support that each presidential candidate picks up in each state
A complex system for selecting the U.S. President. Based on who received the most votes, a state will send a slate of electors to the Electoral College in January. The candidate who gets a majority of EC votes wins the election.
Dramatically exaggerating the negative consequences of any minor event. The inflation of problems beyond their likely outcome. Assuming the worst case scenario despite the very low likelihood of it actually happening.
the tendency to search for, interpret, recall or oversimplify information in a way that confirms one's preexisting beliefs without the application of critical thought.
Someone who works for an interest group or company that is tasked with distributing campaign contributions to candidates, persuading policy makers to support or reject certain policies, and shape public opinion.
A state primary election where the two candidates with the most votes, regardless of their political party, face off in the general election.
public interest group
Public Interest Group: A collection of concerned citizens who form a non-profit organization in order to support a particular cause. Interest groups that are focused on profits are called Business Interest Groups.
A temporary interest group that exists to advocate for the positions of a respective candidate or to negatively campaign against a candidate's opponent. Currently, there are no limits on how much Soft Money a Super PAC can spend or receive in donations, although they are restricted from directly campaigning for a candidate.
Campaign donations given to political parties or Super PACs that are above & beyond Hard Money Campaign limits. While Soft money cannot be used to campaign for a candidate, the funds can be used to campaign on a candidates favored issues or to campaign against their opponent.
Campaign donations given directly to the candidate to pay for their next election. Currently, these donations are limited to $5,200 per candidate, per year for individuals and $10,000 for PAC's.
The trend of only surrounding yourself with like-minded individuals & like minded sources of information. We tend to "bubble" ourselves
Money that can be used to speculate or invest in the success of an business endeavor with the hope of getting non-labor income in return.
Ex: Sam takes his $1 Million inheritance and uses it to invest start a new company that makes widgets. The original money is capital.
Money that is left over after a person has their basic needs for survival and basic comfort met.
Ex: Jim works a $10.00 per hour job for 40 Hours per week. At the end of the month, he has $1600 in gross income, but has $1600 in bills. Thus, he has no disposable income.
Ex: Sally gets a high paying job after college and makes $80,000 per year. She still spends every penny of her $80,000, but it is on non-essential items (she buys an expensive house, a ski boat, and drives an Audi sports car). Thus, the amount she spends on luxury or recreational items is considered disposable income.
Taxes that have a set rate for everyone and are more painful to poor people because they have much less disposable income to spend. These are erroneously called Regressive Taxes.
-Ex: Sales taxes, Property Taxes, fuel tax, common user fees
As someone makes more money, the percentage of money that they have to pay in taxes increases. Thus, it hurts poor people less because it does not cut into disposable income.
-Ex: Income tax or a wealth tax.
is a top down (Hierarchical) system that seeks to empower those who are deemed "superior" in the name of advancing the progress of the human race.
Hierarchical—Nationalist- Conformity—Oligarchy --Authoritarian
•Pro's- It eliminates inefficiency & "imperfections" (by standards set by those in charge.)
•Con's: Stifles diversity of perspectives, too bureaucratic, requires a heavy hand.
Wage & Labor Income
Money that is earned as a wage for labor or from one's initial creative endeavors like an invention of successful business.
Ex: Billy works a summer job, his earnings are labor income
Ex: Sally designed a highly successful iphone app and sells the copyright for $1 Million. That income is generally regarded as labor income.
The idea that everyone is entitled to a basic level of resources or treatment. Equity is about adequacy and most disagreements are focused on what constitutes "adequacy".
•Liberalism is an equity ideology (this includes social democracy, conservativism, progressivism, and classical liberalism).
Equality Ideology: the idea that everyone is entitled the same share of outcomes and resources regardless of ability or circumstance. Most disagreements about equality arise from the quest for rewards and ownership.
•Marxism, Communism & Pure Socialism are Equality ideologies
Hierarchical Ideology: The idea that certain people are naturally (or artificially) entitled to more or better resources based on their elevated status. Most disagreements are focused on the who is deemed "superior" and the fact that "non-superior" people resent their treatment.
•Fascism & Nazi's are both Hierarchical Ideologies
The idea that control and order would develop organically in the absence of centralized government control.
•This includes pure libertarianism and anarchism.
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