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14 terms

Chemistry Solutions

Solutions vocabulary for Ch 15 in Glencoe Chemistry Matter and Change
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Soluble
a substance that can be dissolved in a given solvent
Insoluble
a substance that cannot be dissolved in a given solvent
Immiscible
two liquids that can be mixed together but separate shortly after you cease mixing them
Miscible
two liquids that are soluble in each other
Solvation
process of surrounding solute particles and when the solute and solvent particles come in contact with each other
Heat of Solution
the overall energy change that occurs during the solution formation
Solubility
maximum amount of solute that will dissolve in a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature and pressure
Saturated Solution
contains the maximum amount of dissolved solute for a given amount of solvent at a specific temperature and pressure
Unsaturated Solution
contains less dissolved solute for a given temperature and pressure than a saturated solution; has further capacity to hold more solute
Supersaturated Solution
contains more dissolved solute than a saturated solution at the same temperature
Henry's Law
states that at a given temperature, the solubility of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the pressure of the gas above the liquid
Solution
a uniform mixture that may contains solids, liquids, or gases; also called a homogeneous mixture
Solvent
substance that dissolves a solute to form a solution (commonly water)
Solute
substance dissolved in a solvent