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Terms in this set (51)
What is meant by the idea of natural rights?
People get these right because they are human. The government cant take them away.
What is meant by the idea of social contract?
People can form a government to protect there natural rights. If the government fails to protect your natural rights, it should be removed
identify three ideas found the declaration of independence that were enlightenment ideas.
Self evident, unalienable rights, pursuit of happiness, purpose of government, and the right of revolution.
Describe the three main stages that a territory would go through in order to become a state
judges appointed by congress to create new laws.Once the territory reaches 5000 free men they can elect legislation. Once territory reaches 60,000 people they can submit a constitution for congress to approve.
Describe each of the principles that were a part of a state's constitution before being admitted to the union
It abolished slavery was outlawed, voting rights, individual freedoms, land couldn't be taken from native americans
Describe three problems faced by the Articles of Confederation that were addressed in the constitution.
Congress couldn't tax, congress had no enforcement capability
Identify three Enlightenment ideas that became a part of the U.S. constitution.
Popular sovereignty, Separation of powers/ checks and balances, Freedom of religion
Who were the Anti-Federalist?
people against gratifying the constitution
What arguments did they present in opposition to ratification of the new constitution?
No bill of right no protection, afraid the gov would become to powerful
Who were the main Federalist leaders?
What arguments did they present in support of the new constitution?
strong national government was the solution, promise to the bill of right.
Identify four documents that served as precedents to the bill of rights.
magna carta 1215, english bill of right 1689, Virginia house of burgesses 1619,Virginia declaration right 1776
Describe some of the rights that existed in previous documents that were included in the bill of rights.
the rights of the accused, freedoms
List some of the individual freedoms found in the first amendment.
freedom of religion, speech, press, right of assembly and potation
What protections does the second amendment offer Americans?
A well regulated militia, right to bare arms
What protections does the third Amendment offer to Americans?
gov cannot place troops in your home without permission,
Which amendments protect a citizen who has been accused of a crime?
4, 5, 6, 7, 8
What are some of the protections provided by these amendments for someone who is accused of a crime?
4- No unreasonable searches or seizures without a warrant 5- Do process of law inditement grand jury double jeopardy no self incrimination 6- Speedy, fair, impartial jury trial have a right to an attorney 7- jury trial in civil cases 8- no cruel or unusual punishment
What changes did the U.S. experience as it went from an industrialized nation?
new inventions leads to better farming better production in factories allows for urbanization.
Why were corporations important to the emergence of industrialization?
capitalism in the free enterprise system aloud for the growth of large corporations to earn as much profit as possible during industrialization.
Which heavy industries helped to bring about the nation's transformation as an industrial power?
new energy sources, steel industry, railroads,
Describe some of the demands of workers that led to labor organizing
fix-long hours, low wages, poor and unsafe working conditions, child labor, lack of job security.
Describe the attitude of the federal government and business to the labor movement during this time period.
the federal gov and businesses wanted to end the business movement
What is meant by the term laissez-faire
Hands off- govs hand are off businesses
What impact did urbanization have on the nation?
antiquate public services, poor transportation, over crowding, social tensions.
How did immigrants before 1880 differ from immigrants after 1880?
before 1880- mostly northern Europe, mostly Protestant, mostly spoke english. after 1880- more from souther and eastern Europe, often catholic jewish or orthodox , most spoke little english
How did the flood of immigrants from 1880-1920 change the nation?
bring there culture there children become assimilated there culture is melted down
What was the Great Migration?
the mass movement of African Americans from the rural South to the urban North
What role did the great migration play in changing American life?
African American moving to all black neighborhoods northern cites
What impact did western migration have on the native american Indian population?
man were killed the rest were forced to live on reservations.
What achievements were made by African Americans living in the south?
political free and equal public schools band racial discrimination
How did the economy of the result of reconstruction?
slavery to share cropping and to a modern industrial south
Describe some of the problems African] Americans faced during the post- reconstruction era?
racism, the KKK Jim crow laws
What were the "Jim crow"laws?
racial discrimination becoming institutionalized
What was the importance of the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson
separate but equal, legitimized legally speaking
Who were the muckrakers?
investigative reporters who exposed the abuse of industrial society
What was their importance to the progressive movement?
they bought the abuse of industrialization to the people.
Identify four reforms accomplished by the progressives at the state or local level.
the secret ballet, referendum, direct party primaries, direct election of senators (17th amendment)
Identify three reforms accomplished by President Theodore Roosevelt.
Trust busting (the breaking up of big businesses) The pure food of drug act, The meat inspection act
Identify three reforms accomplished by President Woodrow Wilson.
graduated in come tax (16th amendment) The federal reserve act, anti-trust legislation.
Identify three amendments that were ratified during the Progressive era.
16- income tax 17- direct election of senators 18- prohibition 19- women suffrage
What were some of the main causes of the Spanish-American war?
yellow journalism, de lome letter, the sinking of the USS Maine
What did the United States gain from the Spanish-american war.
territory, raw materials and markets,
Why is the Spanish-american war considering a turning point in U.S. history.
The us emerges from the war as a global imperial power with a colonial empire.
What are some of the reasons why the United States was interested in obtaining colonies?
The Need for raw, materials Strategic Reason and Nationalism
What steps did the United States take to acquire a colonial empire?
Attitudes towards other peoples, Acquisition of Alaska, and Acquisition of Hawaii
What caused the entry of the united states into the war?
Germany policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
What were the main points of President Wilson's fourteen points?
Allied arms, supplies and food. The sinking of Lusitania
What were the main provisions of the Versailles Treaty?
freedom of the seas, reduction in armaments, removal of trade barriers, end to secret treaties. League of Nations an international peace-keeping organization
Why did the U.S. Senate reject the League of Nations?Why did the United States turn to a policy of isolationism following world war 1?
U.S. wanted to be isolated from the rest of the World and were disillusioned with world affairs
Despite its policy of Isolationism what activities did the U.S. partake in after World War 1?
4- power Treaty, 5- power Treaty, 9-power Treaty. Kellogg- Briand Peace Pact Lent money to Germany
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