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To help Janet overcome her nearly irresistible craving for chocolate, a therapist provides her with a supply of chocolate candies that contain solidified droplets of a harmless but very bitter-tasting substance. This approach to treatment best illustrates

aversive conditioning.

Patients receive a general anesthetic and muscle relaxant prior to treatment with


If a patient suffers uncontrollable seizures, physicians can destroy specific nerve clusters that cause or transmit the convulsions. This best illustrates a procedure known as


Identifying and eliminating the socially stressful conditions that contribute to psychological disorders is of most central interest to the advocates of

preventive mental health.

Many physicians did not realize that bleeding was an ineffective treatment for typhoid fever until researchers made effective use of

a control group.

The most effective psychotherapists are those who

establish an empathic, caring relationship with their clients.

Who emphasized the importance of transference in the therapeutic process?

Sigmund Freud

Client-centered therapists emphasize the importance of

enabling clients to feel unconditionally accepted.

The goal of stress inoculation training is to reduce incapacitating anxiety by encouraging people to say positive things to themselves during anxiety-producing situations. This best illustrates a form of

cognitive therapy.

Considering the greatest range of factors that may contribute to the process of healing is most clearly facilitated by a ________ approach to therapy.


Which of the following is a selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor?


Which of the following factors is NOT a therapeutically effective component of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing?

rapidly moving one's eyes

To help Adam reduce his fear of dogs, a therapist encourages him to physically relax and then simply imagine that he is walking toward a friendly and harmless little dog. The therapist's technique best illustrates

systematic desensitization.

During her weekly therapy sessions, Sabrina will often abruptly shift the focus of her attention and lose her train of thought. A psychoanalyst would suggest that this illustrates


Which of the following drugs is most likely to provide schizophrenia patients with some relief from their auditory hallucinations and paranoia?


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