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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Native Americans and Explorers
Key people, concepts, and events from our unit about the American Indians and the European Explorers
Terms in this set (24)
The name given to the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Native Americans and the Explorers.
An area of land with unique characteristics such as resources, climate, and landforms, which American Indians used to survive.
Ruthless explorers from Spain who came to America searching for gold.
The way of life of a group of people including games, clothes, and food.
By 200 AD, these people were building pyramids, large stone temples, palaces, and bridges.
Few plants grow in this region because the ground is always frozen beneath a thin top layer of soil so people learned to build igloos.
Bering Land Bridge
During the last ice age, anthropologists believe that Native Americans crossed from Asia into North America by way of this area of land.
In 1325, these people in Mexico formed a capital city on an island in Lake Texcoco with raised roads to connect the island to the shore.
The people of this region learned to adapt to the very dry climate by irrigating the land and building multistoried houses out of adobe bricks.
This region was mainly grassland so the people learned to use buffalo skins to make tipis as shelters.
One of the major reasons why Native Americans were so easily conquered by the European explorers.
By the 1500s, this civilization had created an advanced system of roads and bridges throughout the Andes Mountains.
An explorer who attempted to sail around the world. His expedition was successful even though he died in the Philippines.
Bartolome de Las Casas
A monk who spoke out trying to save the Native Americans.
An explorer who traveled down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico claiming all this land for France.
A powerful, evil Onondaga chief who needed to be convinced of the ways of peace to stop the fighting between the 5 Nations.
Samuel de Champlain
An explorer who founded a fur-trading post at Quebec, which would eventually become the thriving colony of New France.
These people lived in longhouses, played the game lacrosse, and allowed the clan mothers to choose the peace chiefs.
An explorer who tried to sail to Asia heading west but found a series of islands that became known as the "West Indies" instead.
An English explorer who landed in the area of Newfoundland, Canada. His voyages were the basis for future English colonies in North America.
He convinced the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) to follow the ideas of peace, equity, and the power of good minds.
An explorer who sailed for both the Dutch and the English and claimed land for both countries. His explorations for the Dutch led to the colony of New Amsterdam which will eventually become New York.
The government that united the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and the Mohawk into one powerful nation.
Juan Ponce de Leon
An explorer who discovered Florida searching for the Fountain of Youth.
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