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20 terms

World War II Vocab

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"Date which will live in infamy"
December 7, 1941, the day Japan bombed Pearl Harbor.
Said by FDR
Aggression
A warlike act by one country against another without cause.
Allied Powers
This consisted of Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the US, and 45 other countries.
Appeasement
A policy of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war.
Ardennes Forest
A forest in Belgium which was thought to be a natural obstacle against German tanks for the French until the spring of 1940.
Atlantic Charter
This was issued by FDR and Churchill and outlined their goals for the postwar world.
Axis Powers
This included Germany, Italy, Japan, and 6 more nations.
Blitzkrieg
Lightning warfare, a type of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland in 1939.
Cash and Carry
A policy the US adopted in 1939 to preserve neutrality while helping the Allied Powers, which said that Britain and France could purchase goods if they paid in full.
Collectivization
A system in which private farms were eliminated, instead, the government owned all the land while the peasants worked on it.
Embargo
A government order that forbids foreign trade.
Fascism
A political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and blind loyalty to the state and its leader.
Final Solution
Hitler's goal of systematically killing the Jewish population.
Isolationism
Avoiding involvement in other countries' affairs.
Kristallnacht
The Night of Broken Glass, November 9, 1938, when mobs throughout Germany destroyed Jewish property and terrorized Jews.
Lend-Lease
Allowed America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."
Maginot Line
A line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion that stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.
Reparations
Payments to cover war damages
Rhineland
The region between Germany and France which demilitarized by Treaty of Versailles. Hitler later occupied and fortified the region.
Self-determination
The right of a group of people to determine their own government and free will.