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SS7: Roman Empire - T1 L1-3
Terms in this set (37)
officially declared to be god and worshiped
a building material made by cement with small stone, sand, and water
channel that moves water over land
one person or thing following another
coming back to life
ritual cleansing by plunging into water
a slow and painful Roman method of execution
a heartfelt change in one's opinions or beliefs
a person who died for their beliefs
set away from other people or places
people who have the right to give orders
Christian's own text, half of Bible
first four books of the New Testament
story with a moral
God's three forms: the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
issues of right and wrong, and how to treat people
subject to disagreement or arguement
Originally known as Octavius, Augustus became the first emperor of Rome after winning the civil wars, bringing peace to the divided Roman republic. After his death, Augustus was _______, or officially declared to be a god.
Without a formal way to choose a new emperor, the changing power from one to another, also known as __________, was a serious problem that often resulted in members of the imperial family killing each other in order to become the emperor.
The Romans used ships to carry grain, wine, olive oil, and pottery throughout the empire. Traveling by land was expensive, long, and dangerous, and so Romans preferred to move goods by boat in the Mediterranean Sea. After the Roman ____ cleared the sea of most pirates, shipping became a cheaper and safer option.
Public baths were an important part of Roman culture. Many Romans went to the baths every day to bathe, exercise, see friends, and even conduct businesses. The water for these public baths was supplied by _________, or channels that move water over land.
True or False: The Roman empire was the first and only empire to unite all of the territories that border the Mediterranean Sea.
After the Romans took control of the Jewish kingdom of Judea in 63 BC, a group of Jews formed in order to resist the Roman Empire with force. This resistance group, known as the _______, refused to pay taxes and killed Roman officials.
Many smaller groups of Jewish people lived in isolated communities in the desert and practiced ritual cleansing by plunging into water. A prophet named John performed a _______ on Jesus in the Jordan River, and Christianity later adopted this ritual.
According to the Gospels, Jesus and his followers entered Jerusalem for the Jewish holiday of Passover. Roman ___________ worried that these large crowds led by a new leader might provoke a riot and rebellion against the Roman rule.
Christianity spread rapidly during the Pax Romana for a few reasons. One reason for its spread was due to the fact that most of the people who lived in the eastern Mediterranean spoke _____. The Christian Scriptures were written in this language, and so a large number of people could understand them.
After 250 CE, emperors persecuted Christians, leading many Christians to leave the faith, and others to not join at all. However, it caused others to bond to their faith. Persecution produced _______, or people who died for their beliefs.
Many of Jesus's teachings are presented in the form of _______, or stories with a moral.
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John make up the four books in the New Testament known as the _______.
Formal letters, or ________, are letters that the apostles and other early leaders wrote to help explain Christian teachings or to solve problems in the Church.
Jesus taught people to treat others the way that they would want to be treated. This is known as the Golden Rule. Much of Jesus's teaching has to do with ______, or issues of right and wrong, and how to treat people.
Christians are divided into many different groups, based on their different beliefs. Baptists, Methodists, Lutherans, and Presbyterians are all examples of these religious groups or, _____________.
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